Among the Swedish universities Chemical Technology at KTH has a unique competence in the area of chemical conversion of energy and matter. An illustration of the research areas at our division can be seen below.
The two main research areas are catalysis and thermo-chemical conversion of biomass.
Industrial & Environmental Catalysis
The catalysis research covers all aspects from fundamental studies over to catalysis for industrial applications.
Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass
The expertise/know-how in thermo-chemical conversion (dating back to the 70s) includes gasification and pyrolysis, and catalytic processes for gas upgrading of the raw gas, such as catalytic tar cracking. The thermo-chemical conversion research group is e.g. active within:
- Ash chemistry of fluidised bed gasification related to fundamental understanding of defluidisation problems in fluidised bed (FB) gasification
- Tar cracking properties of bed materials in FB gasification
- Tar cracking and reforming of tars from gasification of biomass and waste, including development of catalyst materials
- Gas cleaning, including particles and contaminants, such as H2S, Cl, etc, of the product gas from gasification of biomass and waste
- Pre-treatment of solid biomass and waste fuels by e.g. torrefaction
- On-line and off-line tar and alkali monitoring and analysis methods
The main focus on experimental research is related to FB gasification technology. The group is cooperating both within academic research programmes, such as Swedish Gasification Centre (SFC) and KIC InnoEnergy, and with several end-users of technology. The industrial cooperation span from small engineering enterprises, such as Cortus and Altimeco over to large companies, such as, Höganäs, Perstorp, Nynas, Fortum, E.ON, Haldor Topsøe, and Nordkalk.