Medical MEMS – INTRODUCTION
The research in medical technology at the Microsystem Technology Lab is focused on two main areas, minimally invasive medical devices and miniaturized in-vitro diagnostic techniques (see Lab-on-Chip).
In many cases the acceptable size of technology in medical applications is very limited. The Microsystem Technology lab develops miniaturized medical tools that enable new ways of performing diagnostics and therapy. Examples of this research include microneedles for drug delivery, miniaturized in-vivo devices such as pressure sensors for measurements inside the coronary arteries and implantable microvalves for drainage of cerebrospinal fluid. Research is also made on ultra-high sensitivity sensors capable to detect minute concentrations of biomarkers or pathogens from human exhaled air or blood samples.
Team leader of this research topic:
The figure below shows two miniaturized pressure sensors that were developed in our lab. The smaller one, an ultra-miniaturized pressure sensor for detection of stenosis inside the coronary heart arteries, represents a good example where miniaturized MEMS technology enables new ways of medical treatment. The technology is today commercialized by St. Jude Medical under the brand name.