At KTH the grades are criterion referenced, that is to say, they should reflect a student’s fulfilment of the course objectives.

One month before the start of the course, the student must have access to the grading criteria for grades A, C and E, alternatively P, (as a minimum) depending on the grading scale. Credit limits relating to examinations are not criteria, but these should be followed as closely as possible. Grades cannot be awarded if work which forms the basis of an examination is lost by the student or the university. Grades are not awarded if a part/parts of the examination has/have not been completed by the student. A grade is awarded for the entire course only if all obligatory parts of the course have been completed.

Grading scale

As the main option, KTH uses a seven-grade goal-related grading scale (A, B, C, D, E, Fx, F) for grades on first and second cycle courses, but not for degree projects. The same grading scale will be used preferentially for courses that are part of access programmes. A–E are grades corresponding to a pass, with A being the highest grade. The grade Fx indicates that the result is close to a pass for a module. After instructions from the examiner, the module may be upgraded to a pass within six weeks of the result being notified. The grade Fx cannot be used as a final grade for courses. The grades pass (P) and fail (F) are used for degree projects. These grades can also be used as final grades for other courses, if there are exceptional reasons.


Improving a grade on a course, i.e. undergoing a new examination to improve a pass grade you have already received, is not a right, but the opportunity to do so will be granted as long as the examiner deems it appropriate. The chances of being given the opportunity to ‘up your grades’ are better if the request is reported to the examiner in advance. A pass grade on the master thesis and some project courses cannot be improved.

Marking and motivation

The marking of an assignment must be completed within three weeks. The awarding of a grade is a decision taken by an authority which cannot be appealed against, but the student can request an adjustment or a reassessment. A student has the right to have a grade explained by the examiner. If the examiner does not conduct a review of the examination or provide an exam correction template, the student has the right to request a written explanation of his/her grade.

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