The course uses the grading system of KTH and SU – the ECTS grading scale. This grading scale ranges from F (fail) to A (excellent), according to the following:
A = excellent
B = very good
C = good
D = satisfactory
E = sufficient
F = fail
A distinction is made between the grades FX and F that are used for unsuccessful examinations. FX means: “fail- some more work required to pass” and F means: “fail – considerable further work required”.
Passing the examination in ak1214 requires active participation in discussions during lectures and seminars, as well as writing and presenting an essay. In other words, the overall grading is based on the major learning activities, which are a) lectures and excursions, b) field work c) seminars and d) writing the final examination essay. The grading is made according to the following principle:
1) 10% active participation in lectures, seminars and excursions
2) 30% active participation in field work and compiling field documentation i n a field notebook
3) 50% the examination essay
4) 10% presentation of the examination essay
The grading is related to the learning objectives of the course, according to which the students should be able to:
1. Recount climatic and environmental changes in the Arctic
2. Describe and explain the main processes of societal change in the region
3. Conduct basic field research through documentation of natural phenomena, cultural remains and interviews
4. Perform simple research tasks by using and combining the different sources.
5. Critically analyze current events in the Arctic, in relation to the course contents
These learning outcomes can be achieved in all of the above mentioned learning activities. However, since 60% of the grading is related to the examination essay, the grading of this essay is of special importance.
Criteria for grading
In order to get an E (1-20), the student should accomplish the following:
1) Display sufficient general knowledge regarding major climatic and environmental changes in the Fennoscandian Arctic, in discussions and quizzes.
2) Display sufficient general knowledge about cultural and societal change in the history of the Fennoscandian Arctic, in discussions and quizzes.
3) Display results of field work (documentation of natural phenomena, built environments and interviews) in the note book and the essay.
In addition the student should accomplish the following in order to get a D (21-40):
4) In the essay display satisfactory knowledge regarding major climatic and environmental changes in the Fennoscandian Arctic, exemplified by clear references to lectures, literature and field work, using proper citations.
5) In the essay display satisfactory knowledge regarding societal and cultural change in the European Arctic, exemplified by clear references to lectures, literature and field work, using proper citations.
6) In the essay, having used and combined the field data (natural phenomena, built environment and interviews) in order to perform a simple research tasks.
7) The research task presented in the examination essay should have a logic disposition and a clear narrative, with headlines and sections.
8) The essay should have a proper introduction with questions, delimitations, sources and methods. It should have an analyses section and end with conclusions where the questions are answered.
In addition the student should accomplish the following in order to get a C (41-60) (in the essay):
9) Discuss the relation between environmental changes and societal changes in the Arctic.
10) Voice separation: the student displays an ability to separate his / her voice from the voice of the sources (literature, lectures, interviews etc).
In addition the student should accomplish the following in order to get a B (61-80)(in the essay)
11) In the analyses, the student show an ability to use his / her field work data together with other course materials (literature and lectures), in order to discuss the relation between environmental changes and societal changes in the Arctic.
12) Critically analyze current events in the Arctic, in relation to the course contents.
In addition the student should accomplish the following in order to get an A (81-100) )(in the essay):
13) Present conclusions that not only summarize the results and answers the questions, but also interpret the results, discuss and make reflections on a higher level of abstraction, and/or suggest alternative interpretations.
14) Display a critical approach when using and analyzing the sources (natural phenomena, statements by actors and the built environment).