Division of Real Estate Planning and Land Law
Land use and construction are surrounded by comprehensive legal rules governing rights and obligations for the state, municipalities, property owners, developers, tenants, etc. This legislation is the focus of research in the division of Real Estate Planning and Land Law. Often, the research is based on a law and economic perspective, where the basic problem is how to improve the legislation. As a part of the research, international perspectives and comparisons are normally included.
Main issues in ongoing and completed research projects in the recent years can be exemplified by the following paragraphs:
- The design of the Planning and Building Act? One project examines the Swedish legislation in an EU perspective.
- Who will be responsible for construction, management and financing of the infrastructure which has to support different types of settlements? The state, municipalities or property owners/community facilities? Which should be the role of development agreements between municipalities and the developer regarding the responsibility of each part?
- Construction of infrastructure such as roads, railways and preservation of valuable natural areas requires (normally) that land may be expropriated. A central issue is then the level of compensation to be paid for the land. One project deals with the compensation in connection with the relocation of parts of Kiruna and Malmberget which is a result from increased mining activities.
- The significance of land ownership - municipal or private ownership - for an efficient planning and construction process is studied. When municipalities own land and, by a so-called land allocation process, transfer land to private developers, one question is how these land allocations should be implemented in order to achieve competition in the developer market.
- Are the rules governing the National Land Survey in the formation of real estate too restrictive? Could the Property Formation Act be "liberalized? Sweden has relatively recently introduced the ability to form three-dimensional buildings and condominiums. Which problems are connected with these new opportunities, and how will they be solved?
- Purchase/sale of properties and condominiums, as well as leasing of rental properties? Does the current rules facilitates turnover in the housing market? Is the protection of housing consumers enough?
- The mining industry is expanding due to increased world prices for minerals. How is the involvement of landowners in the process of exploration and exploitation of minerals? How can the coordination between the mineral- and environmental laws be improved?