New perspectives on Strategic Choice of Measures in Swedish Transport Planning
Time: Wed 2022-06-08 10.00
Location: U1, Brinellvägen 26, Stockholm
Video link: https://kth-se.zoom.us/j/69746919672
Subject area: Land and Water Resources Engineering
Doctoral student: Sofia Eckersten , Hållbarhet, utvärdering och styrning
Opponent: Associate Professor Fredrik Pettersson-Löfstedt, Lund University
Supervisor: Professor Berit Balfors, Hållbarhet, utvärdering och styrning; Docent Ulrika Gunnarsson-Östling, Hållbarhet, utvärdering och styrning
Rapid changes in the global climate and declining biodiversity pronounces the need for adapting the transport system and transport infrastructure, which influence several sustainability issues and cause direct environmental impact through their use of land, as well as indirect impacts, for example, emissions of pollutants to air and water. The Swedish Transport Administration (STA) is responsible for and conducts a large part of the transport planning in Sweden and the STA endeavor to increase collaboration with other societal actors in transport planning. In 2013, the Strategic Choice of Measure (SCM) process was introduced by the STA to facilitate collaboration among multiple societal actors in the early stages of transport planning. In the SCM process many of the choices are made that will affect the development of the transport system as well as the future transport system's impact on the environment. Integrating environmental aspects at an early planning stage, such as in the SCM process, can help reduce and avoid the environmental impact of the transport system. Therefore, this licentiate thesis aims to explore the consideration of environmental aspects in the SCM process (Paper 1), and to analyze the SCM process from a systems perspective in order to illuminate the consequences of system boundaries on how environmental aspects are considered and what aspects are included or left out (Paper 2). In addition, proposals are being developed to strengthen practice (Papers 1 and 2).
To achieve the aims of the thesis, interview studies, document studies and observational studies have been performed. Also, a case study of two SCM processes was conducted. This dissertation shows that there are several challenges associated with the consideration of environmental aspects in SCM processes. For example, the increased element of collaboration in the planning process implies that the coordination of the process will affect which environmental aspects are considered and in what way. Furthermore, land-use and transport planning are coordinated in the SCM process, which often leads to conflicting ideas about how an area should be developed. By finding solutions to transport and land-use related problems with synergetic effects, conflicts may be solved, and transport, land-use and environmental needs may be met simultaneously. To identify this type of measure and packages of measures in an SCM process, tools that enable the identification of links between transport, land-use and environmental aspects can be used as support.