Thermomechanical Processing of Nickel-Base Alloy 825
Time: Mon 2021-06-14 10.00
Subject area: Materials Science and Engineering
Doctoral student: Munir Al-Saadi , Materialvetenskap
Opponent: Professor Göran Engberg, Dalarna University
Supervisor: Professor Pär Jönsson, Processer; Assistant Professor Christopher Hulme-Smith, Processer
Alloy 825 material was studied using a Gleeble-3800 thermosimulatorby performing single-hot compression experiments.Optical microscopy and electron backscatter diffraction wereutilized to characterize the microstructure. Dynamicrecrystallization is not considerable in the as-cast alloy anddislocation recovery is deemed to be dominant. Based on thisfinding, the effect of adding trace amounts of alloying additionson the mechanical properties of cast alloy 825 was studied, withemphasis on whether or not dynamic recrystallization occurred.The results show that dynamic recrystallization was moreprevalent under all test conditions in samples containing a traceamount of magnesium, but not for the conventional alloy.However, alloying with trace magnesium did not lead to animprovement of the mechanical properties. Instead, processingmaps for hot forging of conventional Alloy 825 were required toidentify optimal working parameters and to achieve dynamicrecrystallization. The hot deformation behavior of cast Alloy 825was characterized by using dynamic materials modelling of hotcompression data. The results show that the maximum powerdissipation efficiency is over 35%. The highest efficiency isachieved in the temperature range of 1100 ℃ - 1250 ℃ and instrain rates in the range of 0.01 ≤ strain rate / s ≤ 0.1. The optimumprocessing parameters for good strain hardening are obtained inthe temperature range between 950 ℃ and 1100 ℃ with strainrates of 0.3 ≤ strain rate/ s ≤ 10.0. In addition, the influence of thedeformation level on the recrystallization and microstructuralchanges in Alloy 825 during hot forging operations attemperatures between 950 °C and 1200 °C was studied. Themaximum yield strength and ultimate tensile strength wereobtained after forging to achieve a true strain of 0.9 were 413 MPa and 622 MPa , respectively, with a ductility of 40%.However, Alloy 825 is often supplied as annealed bars.Therefore, the effect of the forging strain magnitude andsubsequent annealing on the microstructure, strengtheningmechanisms and room temperature mechanical properties wereinvestigated to assess the suitability of current industrialpractice. The results showed that the majority of strengtheningwas attributed to grain refinement, the dislocation densities thatarise due to the large forging strain, and due to solid solutionstrengthening. The results of calculations are in excellentagreement with experimental data, with less than 1% difference.These results can be used by future researchers and industry topredict the strength of Alloy 825 and similar alloys, especially inmaterial after a completed hot forging operation.