Nalini Anantharaman: Mini course on Topics in quantum chaos

Time: Mon 2019-01-21 10.00

Lecturer: Nalini Anantharaman, University of Strasbourg

Location: Seminar Hall Kuskvillan, Institut Mittag-Leffler

Monday, 21 January 10:00 - 12:00
Tuesday, 22 January 10:00 - 12:00
Wednesday, 23 January 09:00 - 10:30

I. This minicourse will start with a survey talk about the three main conjectures in quantum chaos. If we consider a chaotic classical hamiltonian system, and consider it from the point of view of quantum mechanics, we have :
- the Bohigas-Gianonni-Schmit conjecture, according to which the spacing of eigenvalues should obey the Wigner statistics;
- the quantum unique ergodicity conjecture, according to which the stationary wave functions should occupy the phase space uniformly;
- the Berry conjecture, according to which the stationary wave functions should resemble, on a certain scale, a random gaussian process.

II. A detailed proof of the quantum ergodicity theorem (or Shnirelman theorem) will be given : when an ergodic classical system is quantized, then the eigenfunctions of the corresponding Schrödinger operator occupy the phase space uniformly in the semiclassical (small wavelength) limit -- except possibly for a scarce family.

III. We will then describe recent work of Anantharaman & Sabri, extending the scope of quantum ergodicity to graphs. Here we deal with the discrete laplacian (or more general Schrödinger operators) on a finite graph, and the semiclassical limit is to be understood as the size of the graph going to infinity. Under certain geometric and spectral assumptions, we prove that the eigenfunctions -- except possibly for a scarce family -- occupy the vertices uniformly.

IV. Finally, we discuss recent work of Backhausz & Szegedy, proving that eigenfunctions of the laplacian on random regular graphs are gaussian -- this proves a variant of the Berry conjecture on random regular graphs.

Belongs to: Department of Mathematics
Last changed: Jan 17, 2019