Fusion research in Sweden
Controlled thermonuclear fusion offers the prospect of an intrinsically safe, virtually inexhaustible energy source. It is seen as potentially having a key role in the long-term energy system, primarily for base load electricity production, provided it can be developed to become economically competitive. The next step in the development of a fusion reactor is the ITER experiment which is being constructed in Cadarache, France.
ITER is a prototype reactor which is being constructed under an international agreement between the EU, Japan, the USA, Russian Federation, China, South Korea and India. The mission of the ITER experiment is to demonstrate capability of steady state fusion power production.
Fusion research in Europe is conducted within the framework of an integrated programme coordinated by Euratom. The structure of the organisation of the fusion programme is based on Associations which are established through bilateral agreements between Euratom and fusion research Units in the member states.
The contribution of the Swedish Research Unit to the Euratom programme is carried out via a Contract of Association between the Swedish Science Research Council (VR) and Euratom. The Swedish fusion research unit encompasses a range of competencies that are important for the ITER project and the Association has as its basic goal to make important contributions to the ITER project and to the long term goal of a prototype fusion reactor. Research activities are carried out at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Stockholm, Chalmers University of Technology (CTH) in Göteborg, Uppsala University (UU) and at Studsvik Nuclear AB.
Annual reports of activities within the Swedish Fusion Association can be found here: