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Thomas Chaplin: Grounded persistent path homology: a stable, topological descriptor for weighted digraphs

Time: Tue 2022-12-06 10.15

Location: KTH, 3721, Lindstedsvägen 25 and Zoom

Video link: Meeting ID: 621 8808 6001

Lecturer: Thomas Chaplin (University of Oxford)

Abstract:

Weighted digraphs are used to model a variety of natural systems and can exhibit interesting structure across a range of scales. In order to understand and compare these systems, we require stable, interpretable, multiscale descriptors. To this end, we propose grounded persistent path homology (GrPPH) - a new, functorial, topological descriptor that describes the structure of an edge-weighted digraph via a persistence barcode. We show there is a choice of circuit basis for the graph which yields geometrically interpretable representatives for the features in the barcode. Moreover, we show the barcode is stable, in bottleneck distance, to both numerical and structural perturbations. GrPPH arises from a flexible framework, parametrised by a choice of digraph chain complex and a choice of filtration; for completeness, we also investigate replacing the path homology complex, used in GrPPH, by the directed flag complex. This is joint work with Heather Harrington and Ulrike Tillmann.