IC Integrated Mono-Crystalline Silicon Micro-Mirror Arrays

In this project, large arrays of IC integrated mono-crystalline silicon micro-mirror arrays for maskless lithography systems and adaptive optics systems are developed.


Mirror mechanism

The main application areas of micro-mirror arrays are projection display systems, pattern generators in maskless lithography systems, optical scanners, printers, optical spectroscopy, aberration correction, adaptive optical systems and switches in optical communication systems. Some of these applications require large two-dimensional arrays of individually addressable micro-mirrors. Micro-mirrors that are made of mono-crystalline silicon have several advantages. The mechanical stability of mono-crystalline silicon is superior over metals. There are no re-crystallization effects due to material deformation in mono-crystalline silicon hinges. This minimizes hysteresis and memory effects as a result of repeated or prolonged micro-mirror actuation. Also, the achievable flatness due to the extremely low-stress mono-crystalline material, the optical quality, the surface roughness and the uniformity of the silicon surfaces is superior compared to most other surfaces. However, mono-crystalline silicon micro-mirrors can not be monolithically integrated on CMOS wafers.

Micro-mirror array with 4x4 pixels

In this project we develop large arrays of IC integrated mono-crystalline silicon micro-mirrors for maskless lithography and adaptive optics applications. For the micro-mirror integration, the 3D integration platform at KTH-MST is used.

The Figure shows a small micro-mirror array with 4x4 pixels that has been manufactures using 3D integration. The mono-crystalline silicon mirror membranes are 340 nm thick and measure 16 µm x 16 µm. The hinges are 4 µm long, 600 nm wide and the vias are 3 µm x 3 µm in size. This project is part of an EU-FP6 project called Q2M

Project partners

  • Fraunhofer IPMS
  • Micronic Lasersystems
  • 20/10 Perfect Vision
  • IBM

Project members

Frank Niklaus

Martin Lapisa

Göran Stemme

Selected publications

Niklaus et al., "Arrays of Monocrystalline Silicon Micromirrors..."

Populin et al., "Thermosetting Nano-imprint resists..."

Projects in MicroOptics

Title Date
MicroOptics – INTRODUCTION 1385647207693 Nov 28, 2013
MEMS tunable photonics 1475515740000 Oct 03, 2016
Cell-Ring - Close proximity photonic sensing of single-cell secretion 1474373880000 Sep 20, 2016
GASENS – next generation gas sensors 1391774414548 Feb 07, 2014
Apodized waveguide-to-fiber surface grating couplers 1385647219193 Nov 28, 2013
PHODYE – photonic chips with solid dye film 1385647227145 Nov 28, 2013
IC Integrated Mono-Crystalline Silicon Micro-Mirror Arrays 1385456416292 Nov 26, 2013
Uncooled Infrared Bolometer Arrays 1385460020107 Nov 26, 2013
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