Asmir Prepic: Application and Comparison of Machine Learning and Traditional Methods to Insurance Pricing in Scarce Data Environments
MSc Thesis Presentation
Tid: Ti 2021-06-08 kl 11.20
Respondent: Asmir Prepic
Handledare: Filip Lindskog
Complex models and methods has received plenty attention over the recent years and various authors have shown the power of e.g. neural networks and random forests over traditional insurance pricing models. This the- sis investigates the predictive power for a simulated insurance portfolio where there is less exposure among policyholders who have higher risk by utilising a synthetic minority oversampling technique (SMOTE) and comparing the predictive performance without application of SMOTE. In addition the same comparison is applied to a real insurance data set. The thesis shows that without SMOTE and where there is clearly less exposure among high risk customers compared to the rest of the portfolio, the tra- ditional vanilla GLM outperforms the more complex models in predictive power. On the contrary, by utilizing SMOTE and oversampling the high risk policyholders such that the data is more balanced, neural networks, regression trees and random forests make better prediction based on the 10 fold cross validation technique.