Last edit: 25/02/2011
Approved: 11/03/2011

Structure of the education

The program at KTH consists of two academic years, each comprising about 9 months and divided into two terms with two study periods per term. Each study period ends in an examination period.  The first year at KTH consists mainly of compulsory courses in optics, principles of communications, quantum electronics, methodology of science, fiber-optical communications, and photonics. Courses in laser engineering and optical measurement techniques are conditionally elective.



The programme is course-based. Lists of courses are included in Appendix 1: Course list

The education is organised in courses. Lists of courses are found in appendix 1. The courses are either compulsory or conditionally elective. After application, students may be allowed to take extra courses which can be included in the degree but which can not take the place of compulsory or conditionally elective courses to fulfil the requirements for a degree.

Grading system

Courses in the first and the second cycle are graded on a scale from A to F. A-E are passing grades, A is the highest grade. The grades pass (P) and fail (F) are used for courses under certain circumstances.

At KTH a grading scale with seven levels A-F is used for final grades in advanced level courses and for the thesis. A-E are passing grades where A is the highest grade.  The grades pass (P) and fail (F) are for partial grades in some courses, for example for laboratories, and as final grades in small conditionally elective courses.  The other universities in the consortium use different national grading scales. The consortium has agreed to use the relevant grading scheme of the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) as a means of comparing student performance in the different universities.

Conditions for participation in the programme

Each student who has been admitted to the master’s program in Photonics is admitted to the compulsory courses belonging to a program term after program term registration. Conditionally elective courses are chosen by the student prior to the second term of the first year and prior to each of the two terms of the second year. The choice is limited to the courses stated as conditionally elective in the course list.  Students who are term registered are considered as expected students in all compulsory courses and in chosen elective courses. Students announce their participation in an individual course to the teacher responsible for the course in the beginning of the course. Students announce possible interruptions in their studies to the teacher responsible for the course.  A student is allowed to start the second year of studies, including the master’s thesis project, after promotion to the second year. The condition for promotion to the second year is that the university where the first year is spent notifies the consortium of completion of the first year for each student.

Recognition of previous academic studies

KTHs policy för tillgodoräknande: KTH-handboken II 13.3.

Studies abroad

All students study in two different countries during the program, following the directions for mobility in Erasmus Mundus from the European commission.

Degree project

To be awarded a master’s degree in Photonics the student must, within the course requirements, have fulfilled an independent work (the degree project) of at least 30hp in Photonics. The subject for the degree project may be chosen by the student from offered subjects at the university where the second year will be spent. A thesis at KTH is graded on the scale A-F according to the guidelines determined by KTH and by the School of ICT. A-E are passing grades.


The Master’s degree is obtained after completion of the courses and the thesis with a total of at least 120hp. The degree is "Teknologie masterexamen", translated into English as "Degree of Master of Science (two years)". The degree is awarded after application from the student.