Last edit: 04/10/2011
Approved: 04/10/2011

Structure of the education

Structure of the education

The program at KTH consists of one semester comprising about 4,5 months and divided into two study periods. Each study period ends in an examination period.  The semester at KTH consists mainly of compulsory courses in optics, fiber-optical communications, and laser engineering. Courses in photonics, optical networking, advanced semiconductor materials, and the Swedish language are conditionally elective. Some of the students can return to KTH for a thesis project during the fourth semester.


The programme is course-based. Lists of courses are included in Appendix 1: Course list

The courses are either compulsory or conditionally elective. After application, students may be allowed to take extra courses which can be included in the degree but which can not take the place of compulsory or conditionally elective courses to fulfill the requirements for a degree.

Grading system

Courses in the first and the second cycle are graded on a scale from A to F. A-E are passing grades, A is the highest grade. The grades pass (P) and fail (F) are used for courses under certain circumstances.

Courses in the first and the second cycle are graded on a scale from A to F. A-E are passing grades, A is the highest grade. The grades pass (P) and fail (F) are used for courses under certain circumstances.

At KTH a grading scale with seven levels A-F is used for final grades in advanced level courses and for the thesis. A-E are passing grades where A is the highest grade.  The grades pass (P) and fail (F) are for partial grades in some courses, for example for laboratories, and as final grades in small conditionally elective courses.  The other universities in the consortium use different national grading scales. The consortium has agreed to use the relevant grading scheme of the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) as a means of comparing student performance in the different universities.

Conditions for participation in the programme

Each student who has been admitted to the master’s program in Photonics is admitted to the compulsory courses belonging to a program semester after program semester registration. Conditionally elective courses are chosen by the student prior to the second semester of the first year. The choice is limited to the courses stated as conditionally elective in the course list.  Students who are semester registered are considered as expected students in all compulsory courses and in chosen elective courses. Students announce their participation in an individual course to the teacher responsible for the course in the beginning of the course. Students announce possible interruptions in their studies to the teacher responsible for the course.  A student is allowed to start the second year of studies, including the master’s thesis project, after promotion to the second year. The condition for promotion to the second year is that the universities where the first year is spent notify the consortium of completion of the first year for each student.

Recognition of previous academic studies

KTHs policy för tillgodoräknande: KTH Regulation

Studies abroad

All students study in three different countries during the program, following the directions for mobility in Erasmus Mundus from the European commission.

Degree project

To be awarded a master’s degree in Photonics the student must, within the course requirements, have fulfilled an independent work (the degree project) of at least 30hp in Photonics. The subject for the degree project may be chosen by the student from offered subjects at the university where the fourth semester will be spent. A thesis at KTH is graded on the scale A-F according to the guidelines determined by KTH and by theSchoolofICT. A-E are passing grades.


The Master’s degree is obtained after completion of the courses and the thesis with a total of at least 120hp. The degree is "Teknologie masterexamen", translated into English as "Degree of Master of Science (two years)". The degree is awarded after application from the student.