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DD2377 Low Level Programming and Computer Architecture 7.5 credits

A course about how computers are constructed and how they execute programs and how you can use this to write efficient programs.

Course offering missing for current semester as well as for previous and coming semesters
Headings with content from the Course syllabus DD2377 (Autumn 2009–) are denoted with an asterisk ( )

Content and learning outcomes

Course contents

Different forms of data and how they are represented in the computer: numbers, text and computer programs. Machine code and assembler programming.

The architecture of computers. CISC and RISC. Pipelining, out-of-order processing and related problems. The memory hierarchy from register to hard disk. Network protocols: TCP/IP. Web implementation: HTML and CSS.

Intended learning outcomes

After completed course, you shall be able to

  • describe how data and computer programs are stored on the computer
  • describe how computer programs are executed on different levels
  • describe how computers interpret and execute machine code
  • describe how computers are constructed
  • read, understand and write assembler programs for the X86 architecture in a Unix environment
  • describe basic networking protocols
  • implement correct web pages in HTML and CSS.

Course disposition

No information inserted

Literature and preparations

Specific prerequisites

Single course students: 90 university credits including 45 university credits in Mathematics or Information Technology. Swedish B and English B, or equivalent.

Recommended prerequisites

2D1320/DD1320 Applied Computer Science or 2D1321/DD1321 Applied Programming and Computer Science.


No information inserted


R. E. Bryant och D. O'Hallaran: Computer Systems a Programmer's Perspective, Prentice Hall.

Examination and completion

If the course is discontinued, students may request to be examined during the following two academic years.

Grading scale

A, B, C, D, E, FX, F


  • LAB1 - Laboratory Work, 3,0 hp, betygsskala: A, B, C, D, E, FX, F
  • LAB2 - Laboratory Work, 3,0 hp, betygsskala: A, B, C, D, E, FX, F
  • TEN1 - Examination, 1,5 hp, betygsskala: A, B, C, D, E, FX, F

Based on recommendation from KTH’s coordinator for disabilities, the examiner will decide how to adapt an examination for students with documented disability.

The examiner may apply another examination format when re-examining individual students.

In this course all the regulations of the code of honor at the School of Computer science and Communication apply, see:

Opportunity to complete the requirements via supplementary examination

No information inserted

Opportunity to raise an approved grade via renewed examination

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Profile picture Douglas Wikström

Profile picture Stefan Nilsson

Ethical approach

  • All members of a group are responsible for the group's work.
  • In any assessment, every student shall honestly disclose any help received and sources used.
  • In an oral assessment, every student shall be able to present and answer questions about the entire assignment and solution.

Further information

Course web

Further information about the course can be found on the Course web at the link below. Information on the Course web will later be moved to this site.

Course web DD2377

Offered by

CSC/Computer Science

Main field of study

No information inserted

Education cycle

Second cycle

Add-on studies

No information inserted

Supplementary information

This course cannot be counted in the degree if the student has taken IS1200 Computer Hardware Engineering or IS1500 Computer Organization and Components.