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IL2238 Fundamentals of Integrated Electronics 7.5 credits

The aim of this course is to provide the fundamental concepts, principles and techniques for designing integrated electronic systems, which include analog, radio, mixed-signal and digital blocks. Most common integration approaches are given using examples. The course is also intended to provide knowledge and experience in the design of fundamental analog circuits. Experience with the professional tools used to design integrated electronics is acquired.

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For course offering

Autumn 2024 Start 28 Oct 2024 programme students

Application code


Headings with content from the Course syllabus IL2238 (Spring 2020–) are denoted with an asterisk ( )

Content and learning outcomes

Course contents

The main focus of the course is on the following topics:

  • Introduction to integrated electronic systems
  • Integration solutions and specific issues for integration
  • MOSFET device operation and models (large- and small-signal, low and high frequency)
  • Basic analogue building blocks (amplifiers, current sources, voltage references) of an integrated circuit (IC)
  • Frequency response
  • Noise
  • Feedback
  • Operational amplifiers (opamps)
  • Stability and frequency compensation of operational amplifiers
  • Layout techniques

Intended learning outcomes

After passing the course, students should be able to:

  • develop and use large- and small-signal (low and high frequency) MOSFET models and noise models 
  • use large- and small-signal and noise analysis, frequency response, stability and frequency compensation methods for basic CMOS analogue integrated circuits 
  • evaluate which circuit architecture is appropriate for a specific application 
  • design, simulate and analyze basic CMOS analogue integrated circuits and use professional CAD tools
  • write a report and make an oral presentation on designed circuits and their performance

in order to

  • obtain a good understanding of analogue integrated systems, and basic methods and technologies for designing analogue integrated systems.

Literature and preparations

Specific prerequisites

Completed courses in analogue electronics equivalent to IE1207/IE1202 and in digital circuits equivalent to IE1204/IE1205.

Recommended prerequisites

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Examination and completion

If the course is discontinued, students may request to be examined during the following two academic years.

Grading scale

A, B, C, D, E, FX, F


  • PRO1 - Project, 3.0 credits, grading scale: A, B, C, D, E, FX, F
  • TEN1 - Examination, 4.5 credits, grading scale: A, B, C, D, E, FX, F

Based on recommendation from KTH’s coordinator for disabilities, the examiner will decide how to adapt an examination for students with documented disability.

The examiner may apply another examination format when re-examining individual students.

Opportunity to complete the requirements via supplementary examination

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Opportunity to raise an approved grade via renewed examination

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Ethical approach

  • All members of a group are responsible for the group's work.
  • In any assessment, every student shall honestly disclose any help received and sources used.
  • In an oral assessment, every student shall be able to present and answer questions about the entire assignment and solution.

Further information

Course room in Canvas

Registered students find further information about the implementation of the course in the course room in Canvas. A link to the course room can be found under the tab Studies in the Personal menu at the start of the course.

Offered by

Main field of study

Electrical Engineering

Education cycle

Second cycle

Add-on studies

IL2220 and IL2221

Supplementary information

In this course, the EECS code of honor applies, see: