Meeting the world outside KTH

International networks are part of being competitive as a university. They are also part of keeping a close eye on the global academic environment, that contributes to being a guarantee of knowledge driven development.

 Stepping outside KTH and meeting other universities, helps maintain relationships and forge contacts within teaching, research and cooperation. The South Africa-Sweden University Forum (SASUF), which I took part in last week, is one way to meet other universities and learn more about them and their values. SASUF is a STINT-financed project that started in 2017, and this year, the network consists of 13 Swedish and 23 South African universities (https://sasuf.org/ ).

This year’s “South Africa-Sweden Research and Innovation Week” was divided into six different themes focused on Agenda 2030 and the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals. The thinking is to provide the inspiration for a joint research project with opportunities for innovation (https://sasuf.sched.com/). The forum was arranged at Stellenbosch University and attracted around 500 participants, half of whom were from Sweden. The most important part concerned matchmaking between Swedish and South African researchers with the focus on discussions about joint projects. Even though Sweden and South Africa are far apart in sheer geographic terms, we share similar social challenges. What we can each contribute towards finding solutions looks somewhat similar on the one hand and yet on the other hand, not.

 A common set of academic values all around the world puts the focus on knowledge rather than letting general opinion soliciting take over. For us at KTH, student/researcher exchanges offer an opportunity to learn new things and to share KTH’s teaching and research.

 Something else that is at least of equal importance as cooperation between universities, is having an active national and international participation in civic society. This can be done via the co-production of new knowledge between universities, the enterprise sector, private organisations and the public sector, which produces genuine societal benefits. Next year, the SASUF will be held in Uppsala when we also plan to invite the public and private sectors to meetings with researchers.

 Within the parameters of SASUF, how mobility should be developed without long journeys was discussed. This concerns digital solutions that are so attractive that the amount of travel is reduced. Because, when all said and done, it is a long way from Sweden to South Africa.

 

 

Inspiring at MIT

Last week I was at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT, in Boston in relation to our partnership with them. The sense of playfulness and derring-do when it comes to research questions both minor and major was incredibly inspiring. It is a place that sets no limits as to what questions research can pose or what it can achieve.

One part of the Swedish Public Inquiry into Management and Resources (STRUT), concerns increased basic funding. Less than 40 percent of the research being pursued at KTH today is supported by basic funding, that is to say, funding for research and third cycle education.

This means that research is very much steered by external funding that researchers have to apply for and compete to receive. While on the one hand KTH researchers are very successful, on the other hand, I sometimes reflect over whether there is enough time and energy to dedicate to more profound questioning.

Daring and entirely new research ideas sometimes fail to attract external funding as a great deal of external research is all too often dictated by political opinion as to what should be researched.

I was struck by the fact that many internationally very highly ranked universities are able to offer their researchers exactly this kind of scope for visionary research that does not offer any immediate benefits to society, thanks to their substantial resources. Financing is one part, another part concerns the research climate in Sweden where we are perhaps, by tradition, more methodical that adventurous. Both parts are needed and they reinforce each other.

More visionary research can lead to social benefits a bit further down the line instead. We need a financing system that is sustainable in the long-term and that provides a sense of peace and quiet. Only then, can more exciting new thinking be thought.

A result of systematic and solid work

At the risk of repeating myself, sustainable development, equality, internationalisation and digitalisation are the pillars KTH rests on. The idea is that these values should be an integral part of our everyday thinking and the work we do within research, education and cooperation.

Being an internationally competitive university requires constant work to maintain and further improve the high quality of education, research and cooperation. Added to which, a long-term systematic is required if we are to continuously develop in line with the times and have the ability to be innovative.

We recently received confirmation that our four pillars are working very well and systematic and solid work is being pursued in support of these values. This was noted in the THE University Impact Rankings.

In the survey, 500 universities around the world were measured against a number of the 17 UN Sustainable Development goals. These goals, that also map and summarise the challenges humanity is facing, concern the continued survival of our planet.

Here KTH as a university, has a big responsibility to research and develop solutions, sift out the relevant issues, create innovations, cooperate and educate tomorrow’s engineers, teachers and architects to build and facilitate a stable society with a long-term future.

Having a social responsibility as a university is of the utmost importance. Not only as a public body within the research and education sector, whose activities are financed by taxpayers, but also that these are closely linked with our values where the following is firmly established:

“KTH’s activities are based on the conviction that education and research can and should contribute to better living conditions and to ecologically, socially and economically sustainable social development. As a university of technology, KTH has a specific responsibility to develop and teach the knowledge needed to promote such a sustainable development.”

The THE Impact Rankings are an evident sign that KTH is taking clear steps in this direction. That only two Swedish universities participated in the rankings can be interpreted in different ways. I hope many more universities choose to participate next year.

Haunted by old questions

Someone I know went for a job interview the other week. The person concerned has a PhD and good references and grades. But sure enough the question arose as to whether she intended to have more children and how did her childcare arrangements work. Would her husband have been asked the same questions?

This is not only against the law. It is hair raising in the year 2019. Despite anti-discrimination and health and safety in the workplace legislation, this issue clearly arises. I was both surprised, disturbed and felt myself to be a touch naïve that I have been clearly convinced that those days were a thing of the past.

According to employers in the most recent SCB Workforce Barometer there is a big shortage of both professionally experienced and newly qualified engineers, even though this can be debatable.

We also hear in report after report, the importance and necessity of both women and men engaging in technological development and the role of an engineer.

At a time when the job market is crying out for skills, what has gender to do with it? It is perhaps not in the big and obvious ways but more in the important and insidious details that discrimination can be found.

It is easy to feel tired and dejected, but I view this more as yet another sign of how important it is to continuously discuss these issues.

As part of this, we at KTH have had a specific safe workspace initiative since 2018, to combat harassment, abusive special treatment, discrimination and sexual harassment.

Human interaction and interplay in the workplace can be risky. Having said that, it should be so simple.

Everyone, women and men, students and professors, should be able to feel completely safe and secure in being who they are – in particular when someone is in a position of dependency on someone else – for their future career and everyday peace of mind.

In addition to being in contravention of our own ethics policy and illegal as regulated in e.g. health and safety in the workplace and anti-discrimination legislation, the consequences can be devastating.

The risk is that we will miss out on talent and knowledge, but it is the sanctity of the individual that is crucial for a healthy work environment and attractive workspace.

That, as in the example above, this already arises at the job interview stage is worrying, to say the least.

The power of having and finding role models

The 8th March every year gives rise to a concentrated cluster of equality issues, analyses and events. This is always pleasing to see, even if it can paint a bleak picture of how far we have come in terms of equality. It is taking such a long time and there is still a great deal still to be done – despite the fact that many people seem pretty much agreed that equality is a question of quality and therefore of critical importance for Swedish competitiveness.

Like many other organisations, KTH addresses these issues on an everyday basis. Questions such as, for example, how can we persuade more girls to want to become engineers? How can we make academic career paths attractive? Or how can we create an equal organisation and a workspace that works, in this respect? A safe workspace is crucial if we are to maximise all our talents, both male and female.

We have numerous initiatives and ideas of how to do this. But I would like to come back to the idea of role models – that is to say, the picture of those who have gone before us. Because there always has to be someone who is the first and some one or several others who follow in their footsteps.

The Karolinska Institute, Malmö University and KTH have chosen to lead the way in launching a research and cooperation project that aims to combat sexual harassment and gender-based vulnerability in academia. The thinking is that we, as knowledge institutions, and also in this case employers, know how to develop and gather knowledge to map these issues in the form of instances, causes and consequences within the whole of academia and its categories – teachers, researchers, students, administration personnel etc.

At the introductory seminar, someone argued that three decades of policies and education have clearly not been enough to bridge the gap between knowledge and action. However, the more comprehensive and correct picture we have of the lay of the land at our universities, the more we can be oriented to change things that are foul and rotten. An international high quality education and research environment such as KTH, needs equal and good conditions, that will then make the study and work environment a more attractive and creative place.

Apropos role models. this makes me think of singer-songwriter Robyn who launched the Tekla Festival four years ago in partnership with KTH, to inspire and encourage young girls to investigate technology together with female role models. This year, the festival is being exported.

In partnership with the Swedish Institute and the Swedish Embassy, the festival was launched internationally in Washington DC on 8-9 March.

A big thanks to all of you who lead the way.