In this course, you will learn how to analyse and design classic and advance antennas.

First, we will review the theory of antennas. Then, you will learn how to evaluate these antennas, including commercial software, such as CST Microwave Studio, which is one of the most commonly used in industry. You will learn how to measure antennas in our hands-on labs. You will visit the facilities of SAAB and Ericsson in Stockholm, where you will understand how an antenna engineer works everyday. Finally, you will design an antenna in the final project.

In the photo, there are some prototypes made by former students, for example, there is a reflector, a lens and an array antenna.

### Choose semester and course offering

Choose semester and course offering to see information from the correct course syllabus and course offering.

## Content and learning outcomes

### Course contents

The course includes a review of the main parameters that describe antennas. It continues with the mathematical description and experimental demonstration of the operation of the most commercially employed antennas. The list of antennas studied in the course includes classical and modern antennas:

• Dipole antennas.
• Loop antennas.
• Aperture antennas.
• Horn antennas.
• Arrays.
• Reflector antennas.
• Lens antennas.
• Leaky wave antennas.
• Frequency independent antennas.
• Periodic structures.
• Antennas based on gap waveguide technology.

This course includes a modern view of the physical operation of antennas.

### Intended learning outcomes

Applied Antenna Theory is a course where theory is implemented to practice. As a student, you will learn how to classify, design, build, and measure antennas.

Students should, at the end of the course, be able to:

• Explain the operation of a given antenna based on its geometry; and describe its expected performance in terms of radiation pattern, efficiency, bandwidth, and polarization.
• Define the required specifications of an antenna for a given application.
• Judge, by using physical constraints, if an antenna can fulfil some given specifications.
• Design an antenna for some given feasible and realistic specifications.
• Simulate, evaluate the performance and design antennas using commercial software: CST Microwave Studio or HFSS.
• Measure the performance of an antenna by using standard microwave equipment. The equipment includes a vector network analyser, a spectrum analyser, a near-field scanner, a signal generator and an anechoic chamber.
• To find, understand and use relevant technical literature to solve antenna problems.

### Course Disposition

The course includes:

• 12 theory lectures of 2 hours each.
• 4 computers lab sessions of 2 hours each. These labs are carried out in pairs.
• 4 measurement lab sessions of 2 hours each. These labs are carried out in groups of 3-4 people each.
• A number of visits industrial facilities. Typically a visit to SAAB facilities of 3 hours, and a visit to Ericsson of 2 hours.

Finally, the students have free access to the ETK lab for the elaboration of the final project which consists of a design of antenna, manufacturing, and experimental validation.

## Literature and preparations

### Specific prerequisites

150 university credits (hp) in engineering or natural sciences including 10 hp electromagnetic theory and documented proficiency in English corresponding to English B.

### Recommended prerequisites

EI1210 Wave propagation and antennas

### Equipment

During the course, the students will be able to use commercial full wave simulation software.

Additionally, the students will have access to the measurement equipment, including vector network analysers, a spectrum analyser, a near-field scanner, a signal generator and an anechoic chamber.

### Literature

No information inserted

## Examination and completion

If the course is discontinued, students may request to be examined during the following two academic years.

A, B, C, D, E, FX, F

### Examination

• LAB2 - Laboratory work, 3,0 hp, betygsskala: P, F
• TEN2 - Oral exam, 4,5 hp, betygsskala: A, B, C, D, E, FX, F

Based on recommendation from KTH’s coordinator for disabilities, the examiner will decide how to adapt an examination for students with documented disability.

The examiner may apply another examination format when re-examining individual students.

The students will be evaluated with:

• The attendance and participation in the labs.
• The attendance and participation in the lectures.
• Delivered reports of the results obtained in the labs.
• Delivered reports of the homework specified during the lectures.
• Final oral exam.

### Other requirements for final grade

To achieve a grade, the student must fulfil ALL of the requirements for each ILO for that grade.

### Opportunity to complete the requirements via supplementary examination

No information inserted

### Opportunity to raise an approved grade via renewed examination

No information inserted

### Ethical approach

• All members of a group are responsible for the group's work.
• In any assessment, every student shall honestly disclose any help received and sources used.
• In an oral assessment, every student shall be able to present and answer questions about the entire assignment and solution.

## Further information

### Course web

Further information about the course can be found on the Course web at the link below. Information on the Course web will later be moved to this site.

Course web EI2400

### Offered by

EECS/Electrical Engineering

### Main field of study

Electrical Engineering

Second cycle