Intended learning outcomes *
After completing the course, the participants should be able to:
· Analyse the new requirements facing transmission and distribution grids with a focus on automation and protection functions.
· Design automation functions for distribution grids, including for instance interlocking, switching schemes and protection.
· Create substation automation system architectures using the Substation Configuration Language.
· Interface automation devices with realtime simulators to evaluate protection settings against typical power system faults (over current, three phase fault, transformer internal fault)
· Analyse cybersecurity threats to substation automation systems and design appropriate detection and protection mechanisms.
The course has 8 lectures, covering the following topics:
Substation Engineering & Protection system design
Substation Automation System Architetures
Substation Communication Systems
Substation Configuration Language
Cybersecurity for Substation systems
IEC 61850 developments
Functional block programming and IEC 61850 station development
Substation architecture reliability analysis using PRMs
As preparation, participants will be asked to read relevant parts of the course litterature, information about exact content will be given during the course.
The participants will design a substation automation system using both software tools for architecture design and hardware devices, which must be interoperable to perform the necessary automation functions. The students are divided into groups, and potential functions to implement are: Interlocking, Automated Busbar switchover, and breaker maintenance switching.
Communication system design
The students will analyse communication needs and suggest a communication system, including security mechanisms, for the substation automation system. The system shall be implemented as models in the OPNET communication system simulator, and performance of the system under various fault conditions shall be evaluated.
The participants are tasked to design a research project into fields related to the course topics, suggested areas include:
1. Semantic models for data look up and identification in substation systems
2. Performance assessment of data encryption techniques in substation communication
3. Cybersecurity intrusion detection for substations.
4. Functional mapping of logical node interfaces
The work shall include definition of a research project in the area, including a literature review of related work in the field.