Skip to main content
Before choosing courseKD1040 Chemical Thermodynamics 7.5 creditsAdministrate About course

Basic course in chemical thermodynamics.

Course offering missing for current semester as well as for previous and coming semesters
* Retrieved from Course syllabus KD1040 (Autumn 2010–)

Content and learning outcomes

Course contents

  • Equations of state for gases, intermolecular forces
  • The laws of thermodynamics, internal energy and entropy
  • Criteria for equilibrium, free energy
  • Partial molar quantities, the chemical potential
  • Chemical equlibrium in ideal and non-ideal systems
  • The thermodynamics of mixtures
  • Phase equilibria, phase diagrams for systems containing one, and two components
  • Chemical reactions in biological systems

The practical laboratory work includes

  • Gases, liquids and supercritical fluids
  • Liquid mixtures, vapour pressures and activity
  • The thermodynamics of electrolyte solutions

Intended learning outcomes

The course will give basic knowledge in thermodynamics and its applications in chemistry, chemical engineering and biological systems.

  • Describe and use the state laws for gases.
  • Describe and apply the four laws of thermodynamics.
  • Describe and understand the equilibrium conditions.
  • Describe and use the concepts of internal energy, enthalpy, entropy, free energy and chemical potential.
  • Understand and apply the partial molar quantities.
  • Analyze chemical equilibria in ideal and non-ideal systems.
  • Analyze combinations and solutions thermodynamics.
  • Analyze phase equilibria.
  • Using phase diagrams to solve problems in one-and two-component systems.
  • Apply the basic thermodynamics of chemical reactions in biological systems

Course Disposition

No information inserted

Literature and preparations

Specific prerequisites

Completed upper secondary education including documented proficiency in English corresponding to English A. For students who received/will receive their final school grades after 31 December 2009, there is an additional entry requirement for mathematics as follows: documented proficiency in mathematics corresponding to Mathematics A.

And the specific requirements of mathematics, physics and chemistry corresponding to Mathematics E, Physics B and Chemistry A.

Recommended prerequisites

  • KD1020 Introductory Chemistry
  • KD1150 Chemical Equilibria
  • SF1625 Calculus in One Variable
  • SF1626 Calculus in Several Variable

or corresponding


No information inserted


Atkins and de Paula
Atkins' Physical Chemistry, 9th edition
Oxford University Press 2010
ISBN-13: 978-0-19-954337-3

Examination and completion

If the course is discontinued, students may request to be examined during the following two academic years.

Grading scale

A, B, C, D, E, FX, F


  • LAB1 - Laboratory Work, 1,5 hp, betygsskala: P, F
  • TEN1 - Examination, 6,0 hp, betygsskala: A, B, C, D, E, FX, F

Based on recommendation from KTH’s coordinator for disabilities, the examiner will decide how to adapt an examination for students with documented disability.

The examiner may apply another examination format when re-examining individual students.

Other requirements for final grade

Written examination 6 credits
Laboratory work 1,5 credit

Opportunity to complete the requirements via supplementary examination

No information inserted

Opportunity to raise an approved grade via renewed examination

No information inserted


Profile picture Per Alvfors

Ethical approach

  • All members of a group are responsible for the group's work.
  • In any assessment, every student shall honestly disclose any help received and sources used.
  • In an oral assessment, every student shall be able to present and answer questions about the entire assignment and solution.

Further information

Course web

Further information about the course can be found on the Course web at the link below. Information on the Course web will later be moved to this site.

Course web KD1040

Offered by


Main field of study


Education cycle

First cycle

Add-on studies

KD2340 Molecular Thermodynamics
KD2350 Surfaces, Colloids and Soft Matter


Magnus Bergström

Supplementary information

Mandatory course for programme CKEMV, CBIOT study year 2, and CL (MAKE) study year 3.

The course is not open for other students.

Will replace 3B1720