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Before choosing courseKF2370 Biological Composites and Implants 7.5 creditsAdministrate About course

An advanced course in biological composites and implants, primarily bone, teeth, tendon, cartilage, muscle, skin, and blood vessels. The developments in the design of bioimplants give a background to the understanding of the structure-property relationship of advanced bioimplants.

Course offering missing for current semester as well as for previous and coming semesters
* Retrieved from Course syllabus KF2370 (Autumn 2019–)

Content and learning outcomes

Course contents

The course gives a general overview of important biological structure of importance in biomedical context. Implants of the future will be better adapted to biological function. Biocomposites in nature and as implants are covered. The structure-property-function relationships in biological polymers and composites is presented and discussed. The micromechanics of composites. Hierarchical structures and biomimetic. The biological composites in tensile materials and strong fibers. The ceramic composites such as bone and teeth. The pliant composites such as skin, muscle. The role of different biopolymers in the composites (proteins, lipids, mucopolysaccharides and polysaccharides). Man-made composites as implants. Constituents, preparation (physical and chemical processing aspects), structure and properties. Classes of implants. Long-term properties and biological, chemical and mechanical compatibility. Case studies in implants.

Intended learning outcomes

The student shall after completed course be able to:

  • Describe considerations in the development of implants
  • Describe existing biomaterial applications in structural repair such as in bone repair and orthopaedics
  • Explain and analyse the biopolymer function in biocomposites and implants
  • Explain the concepts of biomimetics and its possible role in implants
  • Explain and evaluate the micromechanics of biocomposites
  • Analyse biological composites by describing, explaining and evaluating the constituents of biocomposites from structure to properties using hierarchial level principles
  • Propose and validate biocomposites for new implants
  • Conduct literature and patent surveys on implant applications.
  • Analyse the compiled literature and patent information and suggest additional work.

Course Disposition

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Literature and preparations

Specific prerequisites

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Recommended prerequisites

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Biomaterials Science-An introduction to Materials in Medicin, 2nd Ed., B. Ratner, A. S. Hoffman, F. J. Schoen, J. E. Lemons, Elsevier Academic Press, 2004.

Structural Biological Materials-Design and Structure-Property Relationships, M. Elices (Ed.), Elsevier, 2000.

Structural Biomaterials, J. Vincent, Princeton University Press, 1990

Mechanical design in organisms, S. A. Wainwright, W.D. Biggs, J. D. Currey and J. M. Gosline, Princeton University Press, 1982

Examination and completion

If the course is discontinued, students may request to be examined during the following two academic years.

Grading scale

A, B, C, D, E, FX, F


  • LAB1 - Laboratory Work, 1,5 hp, betygsskala: P, F
  • TEN1 - Examination, 1,5 hp, betygsskala: A, B, C, D, E, FX, F
  • TEN2 - Assignment, 1,5 hp, betygsskala: P, F
  • TEN3 - Assignment, 1,5 hp, betygsskala: P, F
  • TEN4 - Assignment, 1,5 hp, betygsskala: P, F

Based on recommendation from KTH’s coordinator for disabilities, the examiner will decide how to adapt an examination for students with documented disability.

The examiner may apply another examination format when re-examining individual students.

Other requirements for final grade

Active participation in all compulsory activities as specified in Course information.

Opportunity to complete the requirements via supplementary examination

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Opportunity to raise an approved grade via renewed examination

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Ethical approach

  • All members of a group are responsible for the group's work.
  • In any assessment, every student shall honestly disclose any help received and sources used.
  • In an oral assessment, every student shall be able to present and answer questions about the entire assignment and solution.

Further information

Course web

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Offered by

CBH/Fibre and Polymer Technology

Main field of study

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Education cycle

Second cycle

Add-on studies

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Supplementary information

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