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MJ2513 Circular Economy and Energy System 6.0 credits

The prevalent linear economy model based on “take-make-use-dispose” of resources, is economically inefficient and is the cause of multiple environmental problems such as ecosystem degradation and climate change. It also has significant impacts on the depletion of scarce natural resources (such as mining and oil extraction) and haphazard disposal of resources such as municipal solid wastes. In contrast, the circular economy model aims to transform traditional linear economic model and offers a vision of a paradigm shift of socio-technical system. In a circular economy, the maximum value is extracted from resources in use, resource inputs are reduced, regenerative processes are embedded in loops created to reuse and cascade energy and material flows while products and materials are recovered and regenerated at the end of each life cycle stage. This course will introduce students to the systems thinking principles, principles of circular economy model and methods to evaluate the impact of circular economy strategies in the energy systems that are the prerequisites to make current energy and industrial systems more circular. The objective of the course is to provide an understanding of the circular economy from the perspective of lifecycle system thinking, the opportunities and limitations of the circular economy model in energy systems, circularity assessment approaches and specific examples of the application of circular strategies principles in practice.

Choose semester and course offering to see current information and more about the course, such as course syllabus, study period, and application information.

Headings with content from the Course syllabus MJ2513 (Autumn 2023–) are denoted with an asterisk ( )

Content and learning outcomes

Course contents

  1. Principles and strategies for circular economy in energy systems and the role of the circular economy for resource and energy efficiency and limitation of climate changes.
  2. Methods and tools for evaluation of circular economy and circularity.
  3. Business model innovation and value creation in circular economy in the energy sector;
  4. Transition case to a circular finance model in energy-intensive industries.

Intended learning outcomes

After passing the course, the student should be able to:

  1. Formulate and critically discuss principles and strategies for circular economy and consequences of circular transitions for sustainable development in specific sectors, such as resource management, energy and resource-intensive industries.
  2. Apply tools and methods that are relevant for the assessment of circular performance and choose an appropriate assessment tool based on a problem description.
  3. Give an account of and illustrate the importance of business model innovation for value creation in a circular economy.
  4. Evaluate possibilities and challenges to utilise the potential in the innovation of the business models in connection with the transition to a circular business model in the energy-intensive industries.
  5. Communicate in an organised and structured way solutions and scientific results orally and written.

Literature and preparations

Specific prerequisites

The upper secondary course Eng B/6 or the equivalent Knowledge in Energy systems for sustainable development (equivalent to MJ2508) and Transformation in energy policy and climate agenda (equivalent to MJ2512)

Recommended prerequisites

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Examination and completion

If the course is discontinued, students may request to be examined during the following two academic years.

Grading scale

A, B, C, D, E, FX, F


  • INL1 - Exercise, 2.0 credits, grading scale: A, B, C, D, E, FX, F
  • INL2 - Project work including oral exam, 3.0 credits, grading scale: A, B, C, D, E, FX, F
  • SEM1 - Seminar, 0.5 credits, grading scale: P, F
  • SEM2 - Seminar, 0.5 credits, grading scale: P, F

Based on recommendation from KTH’s coordinator for disabilities, the examiner will decide how to adapt an examination for students with documented disability.

The examiner may apply another examination format when re-examining individual students.

Opportunity to complete the requirements via supplementary examination

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Opportunity to raise an approved grade via renewed examination

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Ethical approach

  • All members of a group are responsible for the group's work.
  • In any assessment, every student shall honestly disclose any help received and sources used.
  • In an oral assessment, every student shall be able to present and answer questions about the entire assignment and solution.

Further information

Course room in Canvas

Registered students find further information about the implementation of the course in the course room in Canvas. A link to the course room can be found under the tab Studies in the Personal menu at the start of the course.

Offered by

Main field of study

Mechanical Engineering

Education cycle

Second cycle

Add-on studies

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