SD2110 Introduction to Noise Control 3.0 credits

Introduktion till bullerbekämpning

The course covers fundamentals of the science of sound and vibration.

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Offering and execution

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Course information

Content and learning outcomes

Course contents *

Definition of sound – sound pressure and velocity. Upper, mean, mean square and root mean square values. Frequency, period, wave length, wave number, phase velocity. Plane, cylindrical and spherical waves.

Diffraction of waves – Huygen’s Principle. Reflection of waves. D’Alembert Principle. Harmonic and periodic signals. Fourier series analysis. Frequency spectrum – audible frequency range, octave band, one-third octave band, upper and lower frequency limit, band-width, centre frequency. Frequency filter – low-pass, high-bass, band-pass and band-stop filters. Measures of sound – sound pressure, sound intensity and sound power levels. Addition of sound fields – correlated and uncorrelated sources. Addition of frequency components. Weighted frequency spectrum – A, B, C and D-filters.

Standing and travelling waves. Longitudinal and transversal waves in infinite solids. Wave equation and its solutions in fluids.

Intended learning outcomes *

After the course, the participant shall be able to:

  • Know basic acoustic definitions:
    - Define peak value of sound pressure.
    - Define mean value of sound pressure.
    - Define root mean square value of sound pressure.
  • Comprehend basic wave types in fluids:
    - Explain the characteristics of plane waves.
    - Give an example of plane waves from the ‘real world’.
    - Explain the characteristics of cylindrical waves.
    - Give an example of cylindrical waves from the ‘real world’.
    - Explain the characteristics of spherical waves.
    - Give an example of spherical waves from the ‘real world’.
  • Comprehend basic wave types in infinite solids:
    - Explain the characteristics of longitudinal waves.
    - Give an example of longitudinal waves from the ‘real world’.
    - Explain the characteristics of transversal waves.
    - Give an example of transversal waves from the ‘real world’.
  • Comprehend Huygen’s Principle:
    - State the principle in his or her own words.
    - Identify an example of the principle.
  • Comprehend D’Alembert Principle:
    - State the principle in his or her own words.
    - Identify an example of the principle.
    - Predicts an outcome based on the principle for harmonic waves.
  • Apply acoustical methods to new situations:
    - Predict the total A-weighted sound power level for the whole audible frequency range from known third-octave band levels
    - Calculate the harmonic components of an arbitrary periodic signal
    - Computes the resulting sound level of a broad band sound when passed through a frequency filter
  • Synthesize complex waves from simple waves:
    - Combines longitudinal and transversal waves to form bending waves
    - Creates standing waves from travelling waves using reflections
    - Combines longitudinal and transversal waves to form quasi-longitudinal waves
  • Comprehend the wave equation:
    - Derive the wave equation in fluids
    - Determine the solution of wave equation in fluids:

Course Disposition

No information inserted

Literature and preparations

Specific prerequisites *

Basic courses in mechanics and mathematics.

Recommended prerequisites

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Sound and Vibration, Chapter 1 and 4, Bodén, H., Carlsson, U., Glav, R., Wallin, H.P., Åbom, M.

Examination and completion

If the course is discontinued, students may request to be examined during the following two academic years.

Grading scale *

P, F

Examination *

  • TEN1 - Examination, 3.0 credits, Grading scale: P, F

Based on recommendation from KTH’s coordinator for disabilities, the examiner will decide how to adapt an examination for students with documented disability.

The examiner may apply another examination format when re-examining individual students.

Other requirements for final grade *

Oral examination (TEN1; 3 university credits).

Opportunity to complete the requirements via supplementary examination

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Opportunity to raise an approved grade via renewed examination

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Leif Kari

Ethical approach *

  • All members of a group are responsible for the group's work.
  • In any assessment, every student shall honestly disclose any help received and sources used.
  • In an oral assessment, every student shall be able to present and answer questions about the entire assignment and solution.

Further information

Course web

Further information about the course can be found on the Course web at the link below. Information on the Course web will later be moved to this site.

Course web SD2110

Offered by

SCI/Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering

Main field of study *

No information inserted

Education cycle *

Second cycle

Add-on studies

SD2145 Vibro-Acoustics
SD2130 Signal Analysis
SD2165 Acoustical Measurements
SD2150 Experimental Structure Dynamics
SD2155 Flow Acoustics
SD2170 Energy Methods
SD2175 Numerical Methods for Acoustics and Vibration
SD2180 Non-Linear Acoustics
SD2185 Ultrasonics
SD2190 Vehicle Acoustics and Vibration


Leif Kari,, tel. 790 7974