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SF2700 Analysis, Basic Course 9.0 credits

Introductory course in analysis and functional analysis.

Course offering missing for current semester as well as for previous and coming semesters
Headings with content from the Course syllabus SF2700 (Autumn 2007–) are denoted with an asterisk ( )

Content and learning outcomes

Course contents

Real numbers. Metric spaces. Basic topological concepts (compact and connected sets, completeness). Convergence. Continuity.

Banach´s fixed point theorem. Inverse mapping theorem.

Normed spaces. Linear functionals, Hahn-Banach theorem, Dual spaces.

Baire´s category theorem. Theorems of open mapping and closed graph. Theorem of uniform boundness.

Bounded operators. Adjoints and spectra of operators.

Hilbert space. Selfadjoint and compact operators. Integral equations.

Intended learning outcomes

The course provides basic knowledge for studies in more advanced mathematics and for studies in related fields.

By the end of the course the student should be able to solve problems on the different topics of the course. In particular the student should be able to

  • Understand and be able to apply basic topological concepts. Be able to state the theorems of Heine-Borel and Bolzano-Weierstrass.
  • Understand and be able to apply the concepts of continuity, convergence and derivative for functions between metric spaces. Be able to state Arzelà-Ascoli´s theorem and Weierstrass´ approximation theorem.
  • Be able to state the Hahn-Banach theorem and the separation theorems.
  • Know the basic definitions and be able to prove properties of Banach and Hilbert spaces.
  • Understand definitions of linear functionals and dual spaces and be able to prove Riesz´ representation theorem.
  • Understand and be able to state the theorems of Baire, Banach-Steinhaus and the theorems of closed graph and open mapping.
  • Know the definitions and be able to prove fundamental properties of linear operators, in particular properties of adjoints, compact operators, projections and unitary operators.

Course disposition

No information inserted

Literature and preparations

Specific prerequisites

Analysis corresponding to SF1602 and SF1603 and preferably also complex analysis, differential equations and transforms corresponding to SF1628 and SF1629.

Recommended prerequisites

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To be announced at course start.

Examination and completion

If the course is discontinued, students may request to be examined during the following two academic years.

Grading scale

A, B, C, D, E, FX, F


  • TEN1 - Examination, 9.0 credits, grading scale: A, B, C, D, E, FX, F

Based on recommendation from KTH’s coordinator for disabilities, the examiner will decide how to adapt an examination for students with documented disability.

The examiner may apply another examination format when re-examining individual students.

Other requirements for final grade

Written examination. Possibly partial examination (optional) during the course.

Opportunity to complete the requirements via supplementary examination

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Opportunity to raise an approved grade via renewed examination

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Ethical approach

  • All members of a group are responsible for the group's work.
  • In any assessment, every student shall honestly disclose any help received and sources used.
  • In an oral assessment, every student shall be able to present and answer questions about the entire assignment and solution.

Further information

Course web

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Offered by


Main field of study


Education cycle

Second cycle

Add-on studies

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