SK2750 Solid State Physics 6.0 credits

Fasta tillståndets fysik

This is an introductory course in solid state physics that covers the most important concepts whitin the largest research area in modern physics

Offering and execution

Course offering missing for current semester as well as for previous and coming semesters

Course information

Content and learning outcomes

Course contents *

Classification of solid materials by atomic structure, microstructure, atomic binding and crystalline order. The direct and the reciprocal lattices. X-ray analysis and its use for determining the lattice structure of a material. Models for electron and lattice vibrations (phonons) in crystalline materials (particularly the free electron model, the Deby model and the Einstein model). Electrons in real materials, Brillouin zones, band structure, Fermi surfaces. The basic physical understanding of certain materials and material properties: metals, semiconductors, insulators, dielectrica, ferroelectrica, superconductivity, dia- para-, ferro- and antiferro-magnetism, optical properties. The pn-junction in semiconductors.

Intended learning outcomes *

This is an introductory course in solid state physics and covers the most central concepts within the largest research area of modern physics. The course uses methods and principles from practically all previous courses within the Engineering Physics programme at KTH. After this course, the students are expected to be able to:

  • Classify real solid materials based on basic concepts like atomic arrangement, microstructure and crystal binding.
  • Use the lattice structure of crystalline materials both in real space and in reciprocal space (k-space) and be able to transform between these two spaces.
  • Apply the theory of X-ray diffraction in reciprocal space to determine the lattice structure of crystalline materials and be able to use these principles also for other matter waves.
  • Formulate basic models for electrons and lattice vibrations (phonons) for describing the physics of crystalline materials, make calculations based on these models and both quantitatively and qualitatively relate the found conclusions from the models to experimentally measured quantities of materials.
  • Formulate electron properties in a periodic potential, explain the factors affecting the band structure of a crystalline material and based on this develop a qualitative understanding of the relation between band structure and the electrical/optical properties of a material.
  • Calculate some physical parameters of semiconducting materials and explain the basic physical principles behind a pn-junction.
  • Explain the physical principles for different types of electric and magnetic phenomena in solid materials (like e.g. paraelectricity, dielectricity, ferroelectricity, superconductivity, paramagnetism, diamagnetism, ferromagnetism, antiferromagnetism etc) and in relevant cases relate this to macroscopically measured physical quantities

Course Disposition

No information inserted

Literature and preparations

Specific prerequisites *

120 university credits (hp) in engineering or natural sciences and documented proficiency in English corresponding to English A

Recommended prerequisites

Basic university physícs whitin thermodynamics, optics, elevtcal engineering, quantum physics and statistical physics

Equipment

No information inserted

Literature

Charles Kittel, Introduction to solid state physics, 8th edition, John Wiley and Sons Inc. (2005), ISBN: 978-0-471-41526-8

Östen Rapp, 100 lösta problem i fasta tillståndets fysik, KTH (2007)

Laboratory instructions from teacher

Examination and completion

Grading scale *

A, B, C, D, E, FX, F

Examination *

  • LAB1 - Laboratory Work, 1.5 credits, Grading scale: P, F
  • TEN1 - Examination, 4.5 credits, Grading scale: A, B, C, D, E, FX, F

Based on recommendation from KTH’s coordinator for disabilities, the examiner will decide how to adapt an examination for students with documented disability.

The examiner may apply another examination format when re-examining individual students.

Other requirements for final grade *

Written exam (TEN1), 4.5 hp and laborative work (LAB1), 1.5 hp

Opportunity to complete the requirements via supplementary examination

No information inserted

Opportunity to raise an approved grade via renewed examination

No information inserted

Examiner

Magnus Andersson

Further information

Course web

Further information about the course can be found on the Course web at the link below. Information on the Course web will later be moved to this site.

Course web SK2750

Offered by

SCI/Applied Physics

Main field of study *

Engineering Physics

Education cycle *

Second cycle

Add-on studies

No information inserted

Contact

Magnus Andersson (magnusan@kth.se)

Ethical approach *

  • All members of a group are responsible for the group's work.
  • In any assessment, every student shall honestly disclose any help received and sources used.
  • In an oral assessment, every student shall be able to present and answer questions about the entire assignment and solution.

Supplementary information

Replaces IM2601.