SK2901 Quantum Materials and Devices 7.5 credits

Kvantiserade material och komponenter

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Course information

Content and learning outcomes

Course contents *

The course reviews the trends in low dimensional structures which use quantum phenomena to realize new functions or devices and new basic building blocks. These aim at electronic, opto-electronic and new bio applications. New approaches to nanoelectronic systems will also be overviewed.

Syllabus: Introduction, refresh in basic quantum mechanics and solid state physics, low-dimensional semiconductors, density of states, quantum wells and heterostructures, quantum wires, quantum dots, nanocrystals, optical properties, absorption, luminescence, transport including tunneling in low-dimensional semiconductors, single-electron devices, calculation methods, fabrication methods, analyses techniques, applications, physical limits in nanoelectronics, nanoelectronic systems, new approaches to replace CMOS etc.

Intended learning outcomes *

The goals of the course are:

  • The student should be able to describe certain quantum systems and building blocks such as: low-dimensional semiconductors, heterostructures, carbon nanotubes, quantum dots, nanowires etc.
  • The student should be able to set up and solve the Schrödinger equation for diferent types of potentials in one dimension as well as in 2 or 3 dimensions for specific cases.
  • The student should be able to use matrix methods for solving transport problems such as tunneling, resonant tunneling and know the concept of quantized conductance.
  • The student should be able to experimentally use AFM and PL methods and describe approximate performance as well as applications.
  • Finally, a goal is that the student should be able to describe present research front in quantum materials, devices and nanooelectronic systems and be able to critically assess future trends.

Course Disposition

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Literature and preparations

Specific prerequisites *

Basic understanding of the physics and chemistry of materials. Basic knowledge in solid state physics (Kittel) (IM26511 orIM2601) and of semiconductor physics and devices (2B1252 or IH2651).

Recommended prerequisites

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Equipment

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Literature

The physics of low-dimensional semiconductors, John Davies, Cambridge, 1998, ISBN: 0-521-48491-X

Lecture and tutorial materials and lab instructions

Examination and completion

Grading scale *

A, B, C, D, E, FX, F

Examination *

  • LAB1 - Laboratory work, 1.5 credits, Grading scale: P, F
  • TEN1 - Examination, 6.0 credits, Grading scale: A, B, C, D, E, FX, F

Based on recommendation from KTH’s coordinator for disabilities, the examiner will decide how to adapt an examination for students with documented disability.

The examiner may apply another examination format when re-examining individual students.

- Written exam (TEN1) giving 6 credits, grading: A-F, The exam consists of a theoretical part without any books/tables and a calculation part where course book can be used

- Two voluntary control exams which may give bonus credits to the written exam

- A compulsory lab course (LAB1) with two labs giving 1,5 credits

Opportunity to complete the requirements via supplementary examination

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Opportunity to raise an approved grade via renewed examination

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Examiner

Jan Linnros

Further information

Course web

Further information about the course can be found on the Course web at the link below. Information on the Course web will later be moved to this site.

Course web SK2901

Offered by

SCI/Applied Physics

Main field of study *

Engineering Physics

Education cycle *

Second cycle

Add-on studies

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Contact

Jan Linnros (linnros@kth.se)

Ethical approach *

  • All members of a group are responsible for the group's work.
  • In any assessment, every student shall honestly disclose any help received and sources used.
  • In an oral assessment, every student shall be able to present and answer questions about the entire assignment and solution.

Supplementary information

Replaces SK2753