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CM2000 Health and Sports Instrumentation 8.0 credits

Course memo Autumn 2021-1

Version 2 – 08/18/2021, 11:09:52 AM

Course offering

Autumn 2021-1 (Start date 30/08/2021, English)

Language Of Instruction

English

Offered By

CBH/Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems

Course memo Autumn 2021-1

Course presentation

Content and learning outcomes

Course contents

The teaching consists of lectures and compulsory laborative experiments.

• Physiological sensors
• Biosignals, its origins and significance
• Characteristics of different sensors
• Instrumentation in physiological measurements
• Methods for measuring temperature, pressure, flow and volume of blood and respiratory gases
• Signal processing applied to sport-related signals
• Possibilities, limitations and sources of error in different methods

Intended learning outcomes

The overall goal of this course is to provide a deeper understanding of measurable sport-related signals in the human body and instrumentation, to increase understanding of the function and application of modern sports and medical sensors and measurement principles, processing and presentation of results, and the ability to construct the measuring system for measuring physiological parameters.

After successful completion of the course the student will be able to:
• explain different sport-related signals (e.g. bioelectrical, respiratory gases) origin and significance.
• judge the characteristics of different sensors, the advantages and disadvantages, and choosing appropriate sensors for measuring force, movement, pressure, flow, volume and concentration of blood and respiratory gases.
• evaluate the possibilities, limitations and sources of error in various methods of signal processing applied on sport-related signals.
• use a few sensors, such as accelerometer, thermistors, piezoelectric, optical and magnetic to measure physiological signals.

For higher grades it is also required that the student:

• Given a sport-related problem, is able to identify relevant criterias and design several relevant solutions.
• can work independently to large degree within sport-related instrumentations.

Learning activities

  • LAB1 - Laboratory work, 3.0 credits, Grading scale: P, F
    • Consist of six compulsory laboratories

  • RED1 - Written exam, 5.0 credits, Grading scale: A, B, C, D, E, FX, F
    • The written exam is a continuous examination consisting of:
      • Six lab reports produced after each laboratory
      • three seminars including summary reports produced after each seminar
      • and a final posters session.

On the seminars, we look at a sport-related problem — the student will show their ability to construct a measuring system covering function, suitable sensors, risk and sustainability.

For the poster session, you will, in groups of two, look at a sport-related problem of your choosing and construct a measuring system covering function, suitable sensors, risk and sustainability.

Detailed plan

Learning activities Content Preparations
Lecture 1 (1/9)

Course introduction including history of sensor and measurement. What we can do today and our goals for tomorrow?

 
Lecture 2 (8/9)

Using IMU (Inertial Measurement Units) to track movements. MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical Sensor), Accelerometer, Magnetometer, Gyro, DOF (Degrees of Freedom)

Digital filters, Moving Average, EWMA, DTLTI, Kalman Filters ...

 
Lab 1 (9/9)

Introduction into the Laboratory

All material from lectures 1 and 2 
Seminar 1 (15/9)

On the seminars, we look at a sport-related problem 

 
Lecture 3 (22/9) 

Video analysis and Motion tracking

 
Lab 2 (29/9)

Estimation of depth with homography, tracking algorithms

All material from lecture 3 
Lecture 4 (P4)

Introduction: Medical instrumentation systems, Sensors, transducers and other sensors, Measurement constraints, Signal acquisition, Bio amplifiers (Instrumentation Amplifiers) and Bio filters. Biostatistics, Signals and noise, Noise sources and SNR improvements

Measurement of Temperature. Different Temperature sensors such as, Contact sensors, RTD, Thermistor, Thermocouple, and non-contact sensors ( Planck, Stefan Boltzmann and Wien), Wheatstone bridges (Quarter, Half and Full bridges)

 
Seminar 2 (P4)

On the seminars, we look at a sport-related problem 

 
Lab 3 (P4)

Compare different Thermal sensors and application of Thermistor, Wheatstone bridge, and Instrumentation amplifier tomeasure Breathing Rate

 
Lecture 5 (P4)

Measurement of Blood Pressure, heart sound and Blood flow. Direct measurement, Dynamic properties of pressure measurement systems, (Riva Rocci and Korotkoff), Piezoelectric sensor

 
Seminar 3 (P4) 

On the seminars, we look at a sport-related problem 

 
Lab 4 (P4) 

Use of Piezoelectric sensor, Instrumentation amplifier, LP filter and a diode to record Arterial pulse rate

 
Lecture 6 (P4)

- Measurement of physiological fluids in motion and flow rate (Reynold, Bernoulli, Poiseuilles, Fick), Analogous electric systems, Heart sounds and Electrical model of the heart, ECG recordings and interpretation

 
Exercise (P4)

First poster preparation (literature survey)

 
Lab 5 (P4)

Design and Test a ECG recorder using Electrodes, Instrumentation amplifier and Band pass filter

Extra task: Measurement of Pacemaker signals using Oscilloscope, Design of a pulse generator to simulate a pacemaker

 
Lecture 7 (P4) 

(Chemical sensors)

 
Lecture 8 (P4) 

Measurement of blood values, blood gases and glucose, Spectrophotometry,( Beer Lambert Law), Optosensors.

 
Exercise (P4)

Second poster prepation

(Peer-review)

 
Lab 6 (P4) 

Application of Optosensors sensor to record Arterial/Capillary blood flow using Instrumentation amplifier, Low pass and High pass filters.

 
Poster session (P4)

Final poster session

 


Schema HT-2021-803
Schema HT-2020-141

Preparations before course start

Literature

No information inserted

Examination and completion

Grading scale

A, B, C, D, E, FX, F

Examination

  • LAB1 - Laboratory work, 3.0 credits, Grading scale: P, F
  • RED1 - Written exam, 5.0 credits, Grading scale: A, B, C, D, E, FX, F

Based on recommendation from KTH’s coordinator for disabilities, the examiner will decide how to adapt an examination for students with documented disability.

The examiner may apply another examination format when re-examining individual students.

(Section below is not part of the syllabus)

Laboratory work ( LAB1 )

Consist of six compulsory laboratories

Written exam ( RED1 )

There is no written exam; however, there are six lab reports, three seminars and a final posters session.

 On the seminars, we look at a sport-related problem — the student will show their ability to construct a measuring system covering function, suitable sensors, risk and sustainability.

For the poster session, you will, in groups of two, look at a sport-related problem of your choosing and construct a measuring system covering function, suitable sensors, risk and sustainability.

page2image29533952

Lesson planning for lecture

See Learning activities

Grading criteria/assessment criteria

G or VG on each of 6 lab report
G or VG on the three seminars.
G or VG on the poster session (counting the poster session times 2)
Nine VG is an A, six VG is a B, three VG is a C, One VG is a D, and zero VG is an E.

Higher grade (VG) is given for working independently to a large degree and able to identify relevant criteria and design pertinent to several solutions.

Ethical approach

  • All members of a group are responsible for the group's work.
  • In any assessment, every student shall honestly disclose any help received and sources used.
  • In an oral assessment, every student shall be able to present and answer questions about the entire assignment and solution.

Further information

No information inserted

Communication With Teachers

Course Coordinator

Teacher

Examiner

Round Facts

Offered By

CBH/Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems

Language Of Instruction

English

Course offering

Autumn 2021-1 (Start date 30/08/2021, English)

Contacts

Communication With Teachers

If there are any questionas connact Jonas Willén on jwi@kth.se 

Course Coordinator

Teacher

Examiner