AG1817 Map Projections and Reference Systems 6.0 credits

Kartprojektioner och referenssystem

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Offering and execution

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Course information

Content and learning outcomes

Course contents *

Spherical geometry and reference ellipsoid. Geodetic coordinates and geodetic lines. General projection theory. Azimuthal projections, conical projections and cylindrical projections. UTM. Astronomy and concept of time. Geodetic triangulation. Geoid and height system. Earth rotation. Celestial and terrestrial reference systems (ITRF, WGS 84, SWEREF 99. 3D coordinate transformation using Helmert-model. estimation of transformation parameters.

Intended learning outcomes *

Student should understand different types of map projections and be able to do computations between geodetic and map projection coordinates. Student should also obtain insights on how geodetic reference systems are built and be able to transform coordinates between different reference systems.

Course Disposition

Lectures 24 hours

Laborations 32 hours

Literature and preparations

Specific prerequisites *

AH1816 Geodetic surveying II or equivalent

Recommended prerequisites

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H Fan (2013). Theoretical geodesy. Division of Geodesy and Goinformatics, KTH.

Examination and completion

Grading scale *

A, B, C, D, E, FX, F

Examination *

  • LABA - Laboratory work, 3.0 credits, Grading scale: P, F
  • TENA - Examination, 3.0 credits, Grading scale: A, B, C, D, E, FX, F

Based on recommendation from KTH’s coordinator for disabilities, the examiner will decide how to adapt an examination for students with documented disability.

The examiner may apply another examination format when re-examining individual students.

Other requirements for final grade *

Student should pass a written examination and get all exercise assigments approved by the course coordinator.

Opportunity to complete the requirements via supplementary examination

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Opportunity to raise an approved grade via renewed examination

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Huaan Fan

Further information

Course web

Further information about the course can be found on the Course web at the link below. Information on the Course web will later be moved to this site.

Course web AG1817

Offered by

ABE/Geodesy and Satellite Positioning

Main field of study *

Built Environment

Education cycle *

First cycle

Add-on studies

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Huaan Fan (

Ethical approach *

  • All members of a group are responsible for the group's work.
  • In any assessment, every student shall honestly disclose any help received and sources used.
  • In an oral assessment, every student shall be able to present and answer questions about the entire assignment and solution.