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AG1817 Map Projections and Reference Systems 6.0 credits

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Headings with content from the Course syllabus AG1817 (Autumn 2021–) are denoted with an asterisk ( )

Content and learning outcomes

Course contents

Spherical geometry and reference ellipsoid. Geodetic coordinates and geodetic lines. General projection theory. Azimuthal projections, conical projections and cylindrical projections. UTM. Astronomy and concept of time. Geodetic triangulation. Geoid and height system. Earth rotation. Celestial and terrestrial reference systems (ITRF, WGS 84, SWEREF 99. 3D coordinate transformation using Helmert-model. estimation of transformation parameters.

Intended learning outcomes

Student should understand different types of map projections and be able to do computations between geodetic and map projection coordinates. Student should also obtain insights on how geodetic reference systems are built and be able to transform coordinates between different reference systems.

Course disposition

No information inserted

Literature and preparations

Specific prerequisites

Active participation in AG1818 Geodetic Surveying

Recommended prerequisites

No information inserted


No information inserted


H Fan (2013). Theoretical geodesy. Division of Geodesy and Goinformatics, KTH.

Examination and completion

If the course is discontinued, students may request to be examined during the following two academic years.

Grading scale

A, B, C, D, E, FX, F


  • LABA - Laboratory work, 3.0 credits, grading scale: P, F
  • TENA - Examination, 3.0 credits, grading scale: A, B, C, D, E, FX, F

Based on recommendation from KTH’s coordinator for disabilities, the examiner will decide how to adapt an examination for students with documented disability.

The examiner may apply another examination format when re-examining individual students.

Other requirements for final grade

Student should pass a written examination and get all exercise assigments approved by the course coordinator.

Opportunity to complete the requirements via supplementary examination

No information inserted

Opportunity to raise an approved grade via renewed examination

No information inserted


Profile picture Huaan Fan

Ethical approach

  • All members of a group are responsible for the group's work.
  • In any assessment, every student shall honestly disclose any help received and sources used.
  • In an oral assessment, every student shall be able to present and answer questions about the entire assignment and solution.

Further information

Course web

Further information about the course can be found on the Course web at the link below. Information on the Course web will later be moved to this site.

Course web AG1817

Offered by

ABE/Geodesy and Satellite Positioning

Main field of study

Built Environment

Education cycle

First cycle

Add-on studies

No information inserted


Huaan Fan (