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AG1819 GPS and Image Based Surveying 6.0 credits

Global navigationsatellite systems have become a commontool not onlyfor navigationbut alsofor the collection ofdetailed geographicaldata, i.e. for applicationswherecm ormmaccuracy is required.Topographic surveyingor establishment ofgeodetic control networks are examples of such applications.The aimof the course isto gaintheoreticalandpractical knowledge onthe GNSS(Global Navigation SatelliteSystems), which isnecessary toplan, implementandprocessGNSS observations.The course providesknowledgeand skillsin terrestrial photogrametryandits use for collection of detailedgeographicdata.

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Headings with content from the Course syllabus AG1819 (Autumn 2021–) are denoted with an asterisk ( )

Content and learning outcomes

Course contents

  • Basic principles of positioning by means of satellites
  • Components in satellite positioning systems and their function: satellites, control stations, receivers
  • GNSS positioning and surveying methods, error sources and their elimination
  • Detail surveying and setting-out with GNSS
  • Image-based topographic measurement
  • Combination of terrestrial and GNSS measurements
  • Transformations: connection of GNSS measurements to local reference systems

Intended learning outcomes

After the course, the students should be able to:

  • Identify which satellite observations can be used for positioning and explain how they can be used for calculation of position and speed of a receiver
  • Identify components of GNSS and explain their function
  • Plan, carry out and process GNSS observations by means of advanced geodetic receivers in order to establish geodetic networks, perform detail surveying and setting-out and to determine trajectory of a vehicle
  • Evaluate quality of coordinates determined by GNSS observations
  • Transform the coordinates into given reference system
  • Explain principles of image-based topographic measurement
  • Combine GNSS and terrestrial observations

Course disposition

No information inserted

Literature and preparations

Specific prerequisites

- Active participation in AG1818 or equivalent

- English B and mathematics 4

Recommended prerequisites

COurse AG1818 Geodetic Surveying


No information inserted


Hofmann-Wellenhof,  Lichtenegger, Wasle (2008). GNSS. Springer. Wien, New York

Examination and completion

If the course is discontinued, students may request to be examined during the following two academic years.

Grading scale

A, B, C, D, E, FX, F


  • LAB1 - Laboratory work, 3.5 credits, grading scale: P, F
  • TEN1 - Examination, 2.5 credits, grading scale: A, B, C, D, E, FX, F

Based on recommendation from KTH’s coordinator for disabilities, the examiner will decide how to adapt an examination for students with documented disability.

The examiner may apply another examination format when re-examining individual students.

Other requirements for final grade

- written examination, TEN1, 2.5 credits, AF
- approved laboratory reports, LAB1, 3.5 credits, the PF

Opportunity to complete the requirements via supplementary examination

No information inserted

Opportunity to raise an approved grade via renewed examination

No information inserted


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Ethical approach

  • All members of a group are responsible for the group's work.
  • In any assessment, every student shall honestly disclose any help received and sources used.
  • In an oral assessment, every student shall be able to present and answer questions about the entire assignment and solution.

Further information

Course web

Further information about the course can be found on the Course web at the link below. Information on the Course web will later be moved to this site.

Course web AG1819

Offered by

ABE/Geodesy and Satellite Positioning

Main field of study


Education cycle

First cycle

Add-on studies



Milan Horemuz (