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Before choosing course

This course provides an introduction to cyber-physical security of networked control systems (NCS), and summarizes recent progress in applying fundamentals of systems theory and decision sciences to this new and increasingly promising area. NCS applications range from large-scale industrial applications to critical infrastructures such as water, transportation, and electricity networks. Their security naturally depends on the integrations of cyber and physical dynamics, and on different ways in which they are affected by the actions of human decision makers. Thus, problems in this area lie at the intersection of control systems and computer security.

Course offering missing for current semester as well as for previous and coming semesters
* Retrieved from Course syllabus FEL3360 (Spring 2019–)

Content and learning outcomes

Course contents

Industrial control systems and SCADA; Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability; Attack space; Power systems models; Bad Data Detection algorithms; Security Index; Mixed integer linear program; Denial of service attack; Zero dynamics attack; Covert attack; Replay attack; Bias injection attack; Risk analysis (threat identification, likelihood assessment, impact assessment); Risk treatment (prevention, detection, mitigation); Model-Based Fault Diagnosis

Intended learning outcomes

The goal of the course is to introduce and survey some recent results in security and fundamental limitations of cyber-physical systems. After the course, the student should be able to:

  • Describe attacks spaces and adversary models for NCSs;

  • Define and compute security metrics for NCSs;

  • Perform impact analysis for common attack scenarios; and

  • Perform risk management and implement simple defense mechanisms.

Course Disposition

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Literature and preparations

Specific prerequisites

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Recommended prerequisites

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Examination and completion

If the course is discontinued, students may request to be examined during the following two academic years.

Grading scale

P, F


  • EXA1 - Examination, 3,0 hp, betygsskala: P, F

Based on recommendation from KTH’s coordinator for disabilities, the examiner will decide how to adapt an examination for students with documented disability.

The examiner may apply another examination format when re-examining individual students.

Other requirements for final grade

To obtain the 3 credits, the student must achieve 80% on the home-work problems. The content of FEL3360 partially overlaps that of FEL3361, and one can only obtain a final grade in one of theses courses.

Opportunity to complete the requirements via supplementary examination

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Opportunity to raise an approved grade via renewed examination

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Profile picture Henrik Sandberg

Ethical approach

  • All members of a group are responsible for the group's work.
  • In any assessment, every student shall honestly disclose any help received and sources used.
  • In an oral assessment, every student shall be able to present and answer questions about the entire assignment and solution.

Further information

Course web

Further information about the course can be found on the Course web at the link below. Information on the Course web will later be moved to this site.

Course web FEL3360

Offered by

EECS/Decision and Control Systems

Main field of study

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Education cycle

Third cycle

Add-on studies

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Henrik Sandberg

Postgraduate course

Postgraduate courses at EECS/Decision and Control Systems