Course contents *
The course reviews the trends in low dimensional semiconductors which use quantum phenomena to realize new functions or devices and new basic building blocks. These aim at electronic, opto-electronic and new bio applications. New approaches to nanoelectronic systems will also be overviewed. Syllabus:Introduction, refresh in basic quantum mechanics and solid state physics, low-dimensional semiconductors, density of states, quantum wells and heterostructures, quantum wires, quantum dots, nanocrystals, optical properties, absorption, luminescence, transport including tunneling in low-dimensional semiconductors, single-electron devices, calculation methods, fabrication methods, analyses techniques, applications, new trends in silicon VLSI-technology, physical limits in nanoelectronics, nanoelectronic systems, new approaches to replace CMOS etc.
Intended learning outcomes *
The goals of the course are:
* The student should be familiar with certain nanoelectronic systems and building blocks such as: low-dimensional semiconductors, heterostructures, carbon nanotubes, quantum dots, nanowires etc.
* The student should be able to set up and solve the Schrödinger equation for diferent types of potentials in one dimension as well as in 2 or 3 dimensions for specific cases.
* The student should be able to use matrix methods for solving transport problems such as tunneling, resonant tunneling and know the concept of quantized conductance.
* The student should be experimentally familiarized with AFM and PL methods and know their approximate performance as well as applications.
* Through the mini-project, students should get familiarized with searching for scientific information in their subject area, practice report writing and presenting their project in a seminar
* Finally, a goal is to familiarize students with the present research front in Nanooelectronics and to be able to critically assess future trends.
The course comprises a series of lectures, following in large a textbook, and tutorials. Three laborations are included where students work in groups of 2 students. These parts are examined by a written exam. Finally, students should do a ‘mini-project’ (also in groups of 1-3 students) which involves studying a specific research area or application within nanoelectronics. These are examined and graded by a written report as well as by an oral presentation.