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SG2226 Wind Energy Aerodynamics 6.0 credits

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Headings with content from the Course syllabus SG2226 (Spring 2022–) are denoted with an asterisk ( )

Content and learning outcomes

Course contents

For wind energy applications the student should be able to:

  • explain general wind turbine functions and main turbine concepts.
  • derive the momentum theory including Betz’ and Glauert’s optimum performance.
  • derive general wind turbine aerodynamic equations.
  • explain and use blade element momentum theory.
  • use the blade element momentum method to design an optimal blade design.
  • exemplify and describe experimental methods, used both for field measurements and in wind tunnels.
  • derive equations for wind tunnel corrections.
  • explain and describe fundamental wake dynamics.
  • describe parameters that affect the wind farm power production.
  • describe how icing affects the production.
  • explain general wind meteorology (Forces, geostrophical balance, etc.).
  • describe how the atmospheric boundary layer depends on stability and ground conditions.
  • account for different wind energy utilization simulation methods and their limitations and when they are applicable.

Intended learning outcomes

Once the course will be completed, the student should be able to:

  • explain main concepts of wind energy conversation and how wind turbines work from an aerodynamic perspective.
  • explain the momentum theory and derive Betz’ and Glauert’s rules.
  • design an optimum blade using blade element momentum theory.
  • describe available fluid mechanics measurement methods related to wind energy and under which conditions they are applicable.
  • what are wind turbine real operating conditions inside the atmospheric boundary layer and the consequent effects on the wind turbine loads.
  • explain basic meteorological forces and how the affect global and local winds.
  • describe the daily and seasonal variations of the atmospheric boundary layer both on land and for offshore conditions.
  • use different simulation methods for wind energy production estimations and when they are applicable and what limitations they have during different terrain conditions. 

Course disposition

No information inserted

Literature and preparations

Specific prerequisites

Knowledge of fluid dynamics corresponding to at least SG1215, SG1217 or SG1220 or equivalent. Basic knowledge of Matlab.

English B / English 6

Recommended prerequisites

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Examination and completion

If the course is discontinued, students may request to be examined during the following two academic years.

Grading scale

A, B, C, D, E, FX, F


  • INL1 - Home Assignment, 1.5 credits, grading scale: P, F
  • LAB1 - Lab Exercise, 1.0 credits, grading scale: P, F
  • TEN1 - Examination, 3.5 credits, grading scale: A, B, C, D, E, FX, F

Based on recommendation from KTH’s coordinator for disabilities, the examiner will decide how to adapt an examination for students with documented disability.

The examiner may apply another examination format when re-examining individual students.

Other requirements for final grade

Homework assignment (INL1; 1.5 university credits), Laboratory work (LAB1; 1.0 university credits), Final exam, (TEN1; 3.5 university credits). Completed laboration and approved laboration report.

Opportunity to complete the requirements via supplementary examination

No information inserted

Opportunity to raise an approved grade via renewed examination

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Ethical approach

  • All members of a group are responsible for the group's work.
  • In any assessment, every student shall honestly disclose any help received and sources used.
  • In an oral assessment, every student shall be able to present and answer questions about the entire assignment and solution.

Further information

Course web

Further information about the course can be found on the Course web at the link below. Information on the Course web will later be moved to this site.

Course web SG2226

Offered by

Main field of study


Education cycle

Second cycle

Add-on studies

No information inserted


Jens Fransson (, Stefan Ivanell (