Course contents *
The main components of the climate system: radiation balance, atmospheric circulation, land-atmospheric interaction.
Hydrologic processes: precipitation, evaporation, infiltration, unsaturated flow, overland flow.
Surface water: open channel flow, hydrographs, the unit hydrograph, synthetic hydrographs, the SCS method.
Lumped and distributed flow routing: the Muskingum method, SaintVenants equations, the kinematic wave.
The linear reservoir: analytical solution and modelling of a system of linear reservoirs.
Hydrologic design: hydrologic statistics, frequency analysis, hydroeconomic analysis, uncertainty based modelling techniques.
Urban hydrological processes: quantifying runoff and groundwater recharge in urban areas, quantitative impact on surface and groundwater due to human activity.
Municipal water supply systems: hydraulic analysis and design of pipe networks and distribution reservoirs.
Waste water collection systems: hydraulic analysis and design of storm and sanitary sewer systems and treatment plants.
Intended learning outcomes *
The overall aim of the course is to give applied knowledge of rural and urban hydrological systems. After the course the student should be able to:
Describe the process in the hydrologic cycle in rural and urban environments and solve problems dealing with water balance, evapotranspiration, hydrographs, infiltration, frequency analysis, hydrologic risk analysis and more.
Describe lumped and distributed flow routing and solve problems with analytical and numerical methods.
Derive a conceptual model diagram representing a comprtment model of an urban hydrological system.
Apply uncertainty based modelling techniques.
Describe the main features of important climate variability phenomena and discuss the curent climate change scenarios for the next 100 years and the possible effects on hydrological systems in different regions of the world.
Descibe the layout and perform a hydraulic design of municipal water supply and waste water systems.