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MJ2404 Energy Conversion Systems 6.0 credits

The course energy Conversion Systems covers a wide area of technological content in a compact arrangement and provides a summary of the most important system aspects as well as the guiding design principles of conventional and future electrical grids and solutions for energy conversion and power generation of all application areas. The main focus is on classical thermodynamics and thermal power plats, as well as their synergy with renewable energy sources and applied electrical engineering. A review is provided at a system level with a deeper insight in selected technological areas.

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For course offering

Autumn 2023 Start 28 Aug 2023 programme students

Application code


Headings with content from the Course syllabus MJ2404 (Spring 2020–) are denoted with an asterisk ( )

Content and learning outcomes

Course contents

The proposed course Energy Conversion Systems treats the subject areas of applied thermodynamics, energy technology and electrical power engineering, in particular the theoretical principles and the practical design aspects of various technologies for heat and power generation. A wide focus of both conventional and renewable energy systems is provided, including electrical engineering aspects and monitoring or control processes, primarily in view of possibilities for system integration together with the enormous potential for synergies and innovations. Technical solutions are discussed in a systems’ perspective with a closer view on vital application areas.   

The specific technological overview is focused primarily on the following fields:

-          Thermal power cycles and power plants (steam cycles, gas cycles, combined cycles);

-          Direct energy conversion methods, niche technologies, fuel cells and their integration with conventional power plants;

-          Mainstream renewable energy sources and their integration in the power system;

-          Energy storage technologies and the solutions they offer for integration with contemporary and future power systems;

-          Electrical generators and power electronics, and their role in both large-scale and small-scale solutions as well as the potential for improvements and innovations that they offer;

-          Systems monitoring, control strategies and regulation techniques.

Intended learning outcomes

After a successfully completed course the students would be able to: 

  • Identify the components and draw the conceptual schematic layout of thermal power cycles and other technological solutions for state-of-art power generation facilities;
  • Assess the operational conditions and estimate the design parameters of existing or newly constructed energy conversion systems based on various technological solutions, both large-scale plants and small-scale distributed generation units;
  •  Calculate the efficiency factors and evaluate the potential for further optimization;
  • Evaluate the feasibility of hybrid solutions and the synergy potential of various blends of energy conversion techniques;   
  • Estimate the potential role of energy storage processes and assess the optimum one for a particular application, together with the relevant electrical engineering hardware;
  •  Valorize the economy aspects and produce a simplified project budget for innovative solutions in the field of thermal power and electrical engineering.  

Literature and preparations

Specific prerequisites

No information inserted

Recommended prerequisites

No information inserted


No information inserted


Course literature and suggested reading will be listed in the course syllabus.

Examination and completion

If the course is discontinued, students may request to be examined during the following two academic years.

Grading scale

A, B, C, D, E, FX, F


  • KON1 - Partial exam, 2.0 credits, grading scale: A, B, C, D, E, FX, F
  • KON2 - Partial exam, 2.0 credits, grading scale: A, B, C, D, E, FX, F
  • ÖVN1 - Exercise, 1.0 credits, grading scale: P, F
  • ÖVN2 - Exercise, 1.0 credits, grading scale: P, F

Based on recommendation from KTH’s coordinator for disabilities, the examiner will decide how to adapt an examination for students with documented disability.

The examiner may apply another examination format when re-examining individual students.

Exercise 1, 1.0 ECTS, Pass/Fail 
Exercise 2, 1.0 ECTS, Pass/Fail 
Mid-term Exam 1 / Partial Exam, 2.0 ECTS, graded A-F 
Mid-term Exam 2 / Partial Exam, 2.0 ECTS, graded A-F

Other requirements for final grade

All parts of the course need to be passed

Opportunity to complete the requirements via supplementary examination

No information inserted

Opportunity to raise an approved grade via renewed examination

No information inserted


Ethical approach

  • All members of a group are responsible for the group's work.
  • In any assessment, every student shall honestly disclose any help received and sources used.
  • In an oral assessment, every student shall be able to present and answer questions about the entire assignment and solution.

Further information

Course room in Canvas

Registered students find further information about the implementation of the course in the course room in Canvas. A link to the course room can be found under the tab Studies in the Personal menu at the start of the course.

Offered by

Main field of study

Mechanical Engineering

Education cycle

Second cycle

Add-on studies

No information inserted