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Earlier research projects

Earlier research projects

                                                                                                                                                                    

Stockholm City: Spatial analyses (2019-2021)

A cooperation between Stockholm City and KTH Architecture in the first of three agreed stages. The project develops application and use of spatial analyses within the city's planning office, and includes research aimed at competency development and a series of pilot studies to explore methods and approaches that suit the city's planning practice and concurrent challenges.

  • Funder: Stockholm City, KTH.
  • Partners: KTH, Stockholm City
  • Role: Researcher
  • Team at KTH: Ann Legeby (project leader), Daniel Koch, Pablo Miranda, Ehsan Abshirini, Eva Minoura
  • Funding: SEK 500 000
  • Directly linked publications:
    • pending

                                                                                                                                                                    

Structures and Systems in morphology and use: spectral analysis, hierarchical clustering, types and populations (2019-2020)

The project aims to integrate knowledge and ongoing research between architecture (specifically morphological research) and transport planning (spectral analysis of graphs). It aims to do so by developing ongoing research deeper in ways where challenges and opportunities intersect. On one hand, still unpublished research has proposed and tested computational classificatory alternatives of street structures that complement and challenge the typological classifications central to architecture. On the other hand, modeling based on user(s) behaviour is highly developed and examining the relationships between spatial structures and uses of such structures. 

The project will (a) theoretically and methodologically develop classification/typological process on street morphology, (b) in parallel, develop modeling of behaviors on a scale level comparable to the morphological analysis, (c) develop how spectral analysis can be used to analyse space- or data structures in the two, and (d) utilize these methods to develop deeper understanding of space-behavior relations.

  • Funder: KTH (Trenop)
  • Funding: SEK 500 000
  • Role: Project Leader
  • Team at KTH: Daniel Koch, Pablo Miranda, Anders Karlström, Marcus Sundberg
  • Directly linked publications:
    • Pending

                                                                                                                                                                    

Interactive Platform for Social Systems Services in Comprehensive Planning (2018-2019)

The project Interactive Platform aimed to develop a platform supporting comprehensive planning that includes 1) Process management through digital interaction supporting the municipal organization in developing a continuous Comprehensive Plan; and 2) Interaction through digital interaction, supporting and facilitating active participation among citizens/actors in the planning process. Focus was upon sustainability, emphasizing social and spatial segregation (related to inclusive design and Smart Cities). The project wants to increase accessibility to social resources; Social System Services, and to develop architectural spatial analysis to incorporate how accessibility varies between people, and therefore need to be analysed differently dependent on individual-environment relationships of both physical and socio-cultural kinds.

                                                                                                                                                                    

(Critical) Architectural Morphology (2018-2020) (at Chalmers)

The research into critical architectural morphology focuses on critically exploring and examining how morphology, seen as how material formulations of spatial organisation, performatively situates people and thus produces social situations and relations, as well as how our way of organising how we analyse, model, and engage with these phenomena affect how we understand and can work with them. This includes models of material space, but also conceptualisations of architecture, space, perception and behavior, and how to find ways to investigate the spatial aspects of the ever-elusive 'social'. The aim is developing methodologies to diagram, model, and analyse spatial configurations as defined by material boundaries of (built or unbuilt) space, understood as a powerful means through which society formulates, produces, and reproduces itself thereby becomes an important inquiry for understanding society-space relations.  Central questions include how these formations, in continuous interplay with other processes, develop into a range of both intended and unintended consequences through how they are appropriated and made use of by society at large.

The way society reproduces itself is here understood as in how architecture affects and is affected by social structures symbolically and performatively both directly and indirectly. On one hand, in how spatial and societal structures develop to support, challenge, and reproduce one another, and on the other, how individuals read, learn, and interpret society (or parts thereof) through built space. This includes how architecture offers, structures, limits and conditions ranges of actions and perceptions, as well as allows, describes and communicates structures of power, informing relations of self to self, self to other, and self to environment, affecting modalities of subjectivities and social relations.

                                                                                                                                                                    

Cities and Rail (2019)

Cities & Rail is funded by the Swedish Institute (seed-funding for Baltic cooperation), and aimed to strengthen networks and cooperation between Stockholm, Riga and Tallin via three technical universities. The work concerned the architectural and urban impacts, implications and conditions of rail developments with a particular focus on how rail development affects cities as built structures. The main target has been to build a solid understanding of challenges that require further research, identifying actors and networks of importance for such research, and potential funding sources for full research projects.

  • Funder: Svenska Institutet, with co-funding from Mistra Urban Futures and KTH
  • Partners: TalTech, Riga Technical University, Mistra Urban Futures, Göteborgsregionen, Jernhusen, Gävleborgsregionen, Gävle kommun, Västerås stad och Tillväxt- och regionplaneförvaltningen i Stockholm.
  • Role: Researcher
  • Team at KTH: Ann Legeby (project leader), Daniel Koch
  • Directly linked publications:
    • pending

                                                                                                                                                                    

Urban Form and the Practices of Daily Life (2018)

A project in the larger funding of Decode (in Swedish; English summary), studying a suburb in Uppsala, Sweden from the perspectives of (un)equal living conditions, societal presence of public services, and power structures in the built environment, 2018.

The project was in corproration with Ann Legeby (project leader) and Pablo Miranda at KTH, and studied segregation challenges, especially investigation concepts such as 'presence of society' (Legeby et al, 2015) and power in how they can be understood in relation to spatial configurations. My own work in the project focused mostly on the latter.

                                                                                                                                                                    

Reformulation of the Urban Design Research Area at KTH Architecture (2015-2017)

The project concerned developing the research area of Urban Design at KTH Architecture, including reformulating the area of research, formation of research profiles, integration with education (both the Architecture programme and the Master's Programme in Sustainable Urban Planning and Design), and identifying central challenges and potential research strategically for the future.

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The Stockholm Commission for a Socially Sustainable Stockholm: Equal Living Conditions and Perspectives on Culture (2015-2016)

Research for the Commission for a socially sustainable Stockholm within the development area housing and the built environment includes two smaller projects: one concerning how to understand, analyse and work with unequal living conditions as related to public amenities, spatial configurations and accessibility, and one focusing on culture, and how culture can be conceptualized and analysed as it relates to the same. Ann Legeby (Project leader) and Daniel Koch worked  in both smaller projects, with Lars Marcus (Chalmers) participating in the first and Ehsan Abshirini (KTH) participated in the second. The work included presentations, workshops, seminars and lectures as well as utilizing these in a co-creation process to provide research support for the city's planning challenges, leading to two reports published by the city but written from the position as academic researchers, with two accompanying reports where the City describes their way of working with the same challenges and how it incorporates the research support. The commission ran for several years with a range of different areas; more information on the commission can be found at http://www.stockholm.se/OmStockholm/Ett-socialt-hallbart-Stockholm-2/

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Architecture in the Making (2011-2017)

The architectural profession is facing new challenges: Sustainable development promotes advanced building technology; the re-use of the existing building stock will be an increasingly important task; urban development have to integrate different fields of knowledge; advanced ICT tools influence design practice and modes of production

Architecture in the Making was one of three national research environments funded by Formas over a five year period, where 'Making' was focused on theoretical development concerning architecture as a making discipline and knowledge pertaining to this, while the other environments (Effect and ResArc) focused on the social effects of architecture in a wide sense and on the education of doctoral students respectively. As vice director this included strategic discussions of how to develop 'Making', how to distribute funding, how to stage symposia, conferences and other integrative work, and promoting, supporting and coordinating researchers and projects as well as fostering and coordinating the common environment at KTH. The project included distributing and evaluating research projects, but in the role of vice director, there was also time for research work. See further at architectureinthemaking.se

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Configurations of Consumption: Architectural Morphology as a Discursive Field (in Architecture in the Making, 2011-2013)

Based on the research developed in several projects including the doctoral thesis Structuring Fashion: Department Stores as Situating Spatial Practice, the co-authored KI Arkitektur och Kunskapsmiljö concerning acedmic environments, the research on hospitals in To see and be seen in healthcare environments, and on libraries in the licentiate thesis Spatial Systems as Producers of Meaning: The idea of knowledge in three public libraries, this project aims to engage with widening the scope from specific types of buildings to a discursive field of architectural morphology by investigating combined and integrated learnings from these research projects and what this suggests for a more general theory of architectural morphology, as well as to translate particular learnings from spatial analysis into discursive architectural knowledge and, in this process, critically examine and develop knowledge on spatial modeling.

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Resilient Infrastructure and Building Security (RIBS) (2010-2013)

In a global context where national interests are increasingly interrelated, the most vulnerable infrastructures in Europe, and particularly the most critical ones, are primary targets for terrorists. Successful security innovations will be those capable of operating in a niche shaped by the legal, socio-cultural, ethical and commercial constraints of the end-users. However, no single organisation has the knowledge and expertise needed to understand this complex problem in its entirety. In order to better understand the needs that future protection measures should meet, Resilient Infrastructure and Building Security (RIBS) brings together the knowledge, skills, expertise and network of four communities of stakeholders (the public, commercial organisations, law enforcement & security units as well as science and technology innovators) to support the development of effective and affordable protection measures against terrorist attacks.

In the RIBS project, the infrastructure domain focused on how to analyse and understand infrastructures in the sense of buildings and spatial distributions, where especially the need to critically and empirically engage with a range of values not directly concerning threats or risks and incorporate such concerns into the framework (e.g. use values, daily practices, symbolic and democratic values), but also to elucidate how spatial analysis and modeling can be incorporated in understanding the effects (both positive and negative) of different security measures. The officcial description of the project can be found at the UCL webpage for RIBS.

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To see and be seen in healthcare: User-oriented design for visibility and cooperation in spatial systems for healthcare (2010-2012)

The research project aimed to investigate how visual communication and conditions of permeability and accessibility as structured by architecture can be conceptualized and analyzed. The study primarily concerns the conditions for communication and information exchange between personnel in hospital work, but has a broader, general aim as well. Concretely, the research project has consisted of empirical studies in the form of interviews and seminars, coupled with experimental work and analysis. Four care units at the Karolinska University Hospital in Huddinge were studied: Transplantation surgery, Centre for Gastronomy, Stem Cell transplantation, and the Medical Emergency Care using primarily interviews, group interviews and spatial analysis. In addition, the Emergency Ward was studied mainly through observations.

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Walkability as an Urban Design Problem (2009-2012)

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Walkability research that deals with the association between the built environment and individuals’ physical activity is at an early stage and much more needs to be done in this area considering the significance it has. Although this is an area that demands an extensive multidisciplinary research, input from the urban design field is rather insufficient, despite the necessity that has been demonstrated through existing studies. The aim of the proposed research project is to meet this demand of urban design knowledge on walkability research, by applying urban design theories and practices on the studies that deals with the characteristics of the built environment and their influence on individuals’ physical activity.

The project has since been extended to a doctoral project by scholarships awarded to Eunyoung Choi, supervised by Daniel Koch and Ann Legeby.

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In situ-ing: Rhythm, Ambience and Identity (2011)

This project focuses on the question of social sustainability, which is the neglected or rejected dimension in many of the new exemplary urban models, the so-called "eco-cities". In order to counterweigh this disequilibrium, we need to explore the different expressions of urban sociality as an integrated dimension of city construction.

This social dimension is primarily manifested in inhabitants' practices and uses, where the subject is not any more the individual but the plural, the group, the multitude. And the most immediate, intuitive expression of this plurality is the ensemble of rhythmical patterns and urban ambiences it "composes"; rhythms that are not a vacuous form but a translation of human-environment relationships.

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KI Architecture and knowledge environments (2010)

This research project was funded by Akademiska Hus as part of the celebration of the centenial birth-year of the Karolinska Institute. By studing architectural drawings, programs and institutional ideals as compared to campus layout and building morphology in three identified periods, focusing on a representative case for each period, the development of architecture and academic environments are analysed and discussed historically and as spatial configurations. To allow comparability, the three cases are all within a wider area of chemistry and thus including laboratories, offices, and in the early buildings also education. The spatial analysis engages with questions of identity and material practices of ordering, as well as how organisational ideals and power hierarchies relate to spatial structures and locations.

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Places in practice and social sustainability (2009)

The project focused on understanding social sustainability in relation to smaller centers (e.g. neighborhood centers), how centrality works, and how architectural and planning practice considers on the one hand the challenge with small centers, and what constitutes a 'centre' to begin with. It icnludes literature studies and interviews with practicioners, identifying a set of common strategies which are then further commented and discussed in relation to a socio-cultural understanding of 'center' and 'centrality'. As an empirical anchoring, the project engages with Hökarängen south of Stockholm.

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Profilbild av Daniel Koch

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