Motor primitives in time and space by targeted gain modulation in recurrent cortical networks

Tid: Ti 2018-12-11 kl 10.00 - 11.00

Föreläsare: Dr Tim Vogels, Centre for Neural Circuits and Behaviour, University of Oxford

Plats: Room 4423, Lindstedtsvägen 5, KTH

Abstract

Animals perform an extraordinary variety of movements over many different time scales. To support this diversity, the motor cortex (M1) exhibits a similarly rich repertoire of activity. Although recent neuronal network models capture many qualitative aspects of M1 dynamics, such as complex multiphasic activity transients, they can generate only a few distinct movements. Additionally, it is unclear how M1 efficiently controls movements over a wide range of speeds and shapes. Here we demonstrate that simple modulation of neuronal input – output gains in recurrent network models with fixed connectivity can substantially and predictably affect downstream muscle outputs. Consistent with the observation of diffuse neuromodulatory projections to motor areas, our results suggest that a relatively small number of modulatory control units can provide sufficient flexibility to adjust high-dimensional network activity on behaviourally relevant time scales. Such modulatory gain patterns can be obtained through a simple reward-based learning rule. Novel movements can also be assembled from previously learned primitives, thereby facilitating fast acquisition of hitherto untrained muscle outputs. Moreover, we show that it is possible to separately change movement speed while preserving movement shape, thus enabling efficient and independent movement control in space and time. Our results provide a new perspective on the role of neuromodulatory systems in controlling recurrent cortical activity and suggests plasticity of single-neuron excitability as an important substrate of learning.

Speaker’s bio

Tim Vogels is a Sir Henry Dale Fellow and Associate Professor at the University of Oxford. He studied Physics at Technische Universität Berlin and received a PhD in neuroscience from Brandeis University. After a postdoctoral stay at Columbia University and the EPFL he arrived in Oxford in 2013. He currently leads a research group in Theoretical and Computational Neuroscience at the Centre for Neural Circuits and Behaviours (CNCB), part of the Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics (DPAG). Together with Rafal Bogacz, Tim is the co-organizer of the NeuroTheory initiative.

Innehållsansvarig:Webbredaktörer på EECS
Tillhör: Beräkningsvetenskap och beräkningsteknik
Senast ändrad: 2019-01-21