Grading scale

As the main option, KTH uses a seven-grade goal-related grading scale (A, B, C, D, E, Fx, F) for grades on first and second cycle courses, but not for degree projects. The same grading scale will be used preferentially for courses that are part of access programmes. A–E are grades corresponding to a pass, with A being the highest grade. The grade Fx indicates that the result is close to a pass for a module and that the module may be upgraded to a pass. The grade Fx cannot be used as a final grade for courses.

The grades pass (P) and fail (F) are used for degree projects. These grades can also be used as final grades for other courses, if there are exceptional reasons.


Improving a grade on a course, i.e. undergoing a new examination to improve a pass grade you have already received, is not a right, but the opportunity to do so will be granted as long as the examiner deems it appropriate. The chances of being given the opportunity to ‘up your grades’ are better if the request is reported to the examiner in advance. A pass grade on the master thesis and some project courses cannot be improved.

Marking and motivation

The marking of an assignment must be completed within three weeks. The awarding of a grade is a decision taken by an authority which cannot be appealed against, but you can request an adjustment or a reassessment. As a student you have the right to get a grade explained by the examiner. If the examiner does not conduct a review of the examination or provide an exam correction template, you have the right to request a written explanation of your grade.

More information on the grading regulations that apply at KTH .