Are online meetings ever going to be of a good enough quality?Is it possible to have a video conference or meeting online? There are countless systems available that require varying kinds of set up when it comes to installation, connection or implementation.
Plus, there’s often plenty more to be desired when it comes to the quality of such calls; freezing video, failing to screen-share, a long delay, or choppy audio, due to a poor network connection or a lack of bandwidth which means you cannot get an image on screen or follow a presentation during the call. Why do conference calls not work as they are supposed to? The user instructions can be complicated, not user-friendly or incorrect, a poor connection can prevent a high quality conversation. Or a lack of full duplex technology, that is to say technology that allows communication in both directions, and a lack of an inclusive meeting culture that enables a good experience online.
Even Sweden’s Minister for Digitalisation does not allow digital participation in Digitalisation Council meetings, for the simple reason that they don’t trust the technology in their experience. And if someone like him who is supposed to lead the way doesn’t do it, who then should?
However, there are a few rays of hope on the horizon that suggest digital meetings can work well in the future. On 29 September, the Swedish Higher Education Authority (UKÄ) arranged a “Virtual Conference on the Development of University Pedagogics” for which 500 people registered via Zoom.
I personally found myself in the west coast archipelago, one of the less connected places in Sweden, to enjoy the start of the lobster season that weekend. Everything exceeded my expectations; the speeches via digital media, quizzes that resulted in word clouds, questionnaire questions and chaired chats for Q&A sessions and discussions. Lunch with break exercises, gymnastics or a lunch à deux to forge new acquaintances online all worked. The conference was skilfully chaired by the Swedish network for IT in Higher Education (ITHU) and SUNET that made sure speaker microphones were unmuted and that we were included in hives. The format persuaded me to take an active part, ever ready to offer some input or make a comment, instead of checking my email or doing something else on the side.
Pretty soon, I think we are going to be able to hold more meetings digitally than IRL. This will be a necessity if we are to be able to become a more sustainable society and reduce the amount of travel and at the same time enable us to become more effective. Current problems with technology will be a thing of the past. Sound and image quality will give us the same feeling of closeness and affinity as at a physical meeting. But how are we going to reach that point? As organisations we must put high demands on the usability of technology – you should be able to launch a conversation with one click.
The technology should work with all devices and not require any additional installations. Everyone must learn how to use the technology in video conferences, how to get connected and how to troubleshoot when problems arise. Plus, we need to learn how to chair and participate in digital meetings. We need to work together to all become better at organising these meetings and quite simply to dare start using and learning how to hold a good meeting online.
Greenhouse gas emissions from heavy industry are being discussed more and more. This is good because it is a necessary part of a transition to a climate neutral society. Industry can adopt several different strategies to achieve this.
- New manufacturing processes. Perhaps the most widely known example is to use hydrogen from fossil fuels instead of coal in steel production. Development work with big potential is being pursued here. (https://www.dn.se/debatt/med-stod-kan-vi-tidigarelagga-satsningen-pa-fossilfritt-stal/). Similar work also needs to be done within other industries. However, it is important to bear in mind that this takes time. A demonstration site for fossil fuel free steel production can be ready by 2025 and fossil fuel free steel can then be widely available by 2035.
- More efficient materials. Just as industry is working with energy efficiency measures, work should similarly be continuously done to make materials more efficient. There is big potential to save materials in areas such as house building and vehicle manufacturing. One problem here, however, is that the cost of materials is often a pretty limited proportion of the sticker price the end customer sees. As such, there are no great financial incentives to go down this route.
- Using bio-based raw materials. If bio-based materials are produced in a sustainable way, plastic manufacturing, timber housing and biofuels for heavy goods vehicles and aircraft, can reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. However, biofuels are in limited supply and there’s not enough to go round for everything. Here too, it can take time to develop new production processes.
- Circular solutions. As a rule of thumb, re-using and recycling materials leads to reduced emissions of greenhouse gases. However, this cannot be the only solution as there is a limit to the amount of material that can be recycled. Here too, it can also take time to develop new processes and regulatory frameworks.
- “Carbon Capture and Storage” (CCS). The technology to capture and store carbon dioxide is well-known, but has only been tried to a limited extent on a large scale. It can be an interesting alternative for processing industry and waste combustion in particular, and to create so-called negative emissions if these are used in association with the combustion of biofuels. It is important that here too, developing it on a large scale is started to be able to test and evaluate the pros and cons of CCS.
The brief review above shows that there are several different strategies available that can be used. Heavy industry is therefore facing an exciting development period that will call for plenty of talented engineers. At the same time, it is worth noting that all strategies have limitations and that it will take time before they gain complete penetration. This is shown in the eagerness to get started, however, society also needs to look at other strategies as well. These include investigating scope to reduce demand for emission intensive products and materials.
Tip of the week: KTH Sustainability Research Day den 28/11 is almost fully booked. Register here https://www.kth.se/om/miljo-hallbar-utveckling/event/kth-sustainability-research-day-28-november-2019-1.901445) as soon as possible.
Vice President for Gender equality and values and Professor in Gender, organization and management
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