Skip to main content

Geodetic Data Science and Diagnostics

This document describes principles of mathematical balancing, a method of optimization and regulation developed by Professor Dr. Ing. Georg Kampmann, who was affiliated professor at the Division of Geodesy at KTH in years 2008-2014.

Understanding Basic Principles of Optimization, Regulation and Adjustment, The Beginners Guide Guide.pdf (pdf 1.3 MB)

Basic ideas of using Balancing factors within linear regression analysis Math-Balance.pdf (pdf 203 kB)


The following animations display a spatial cloud transformed to the figure of a generalized ellipsoid. This approach of transforming original data reveals multiple insights both for regression and non-regression applications.

Vertical Vortex

David Statue

Cylinder and its opposite face

Belongs to: Department of Real Estate and Construction Management
Last changed: Feb 14, 2022