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Non-metallic inclusions in pipeline steels and their effect on the corrosion resistance

Time: Fri 2022-06-10 10.00

Location: Sefström, Brinellvägen 23, Stockholm

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Language: English

Subject area: Materials Science and Engineering

Doctoral student: Elena Sidorova , Processer

Opponent: Professor Emeritus Lauri Holappa, Aalto University (Helsinki).

Supervisor: Docent Andrey Karasev, Processer; Professor Pär Jönsson, Processer

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This thesis focus on investigations of the influence of non-metallic inclusions on corrosion in steel samples taken at different stages of the steel production when producing pipeline steels. The electrolytic extraction technique was used to extract inclusions from these steel samples and thereafter studying them using scanning electron microscopy in combination with energy dispersive microscopy. This approach enabled three-dimensional evaluations of different non-metallic inclusions present in two metal samples of low-carbon Ca-treated pipeline steels. The modification of the inclusion characteristics was investigated and compared for steel samples taken from various stages of the smelting production process. Thereafter, the corrosion resistance of these steels was discussed depending on the characteristics of non-metallic inclusions present in the steel. In addition, this study also presents a new method of soft chemical extraction for qualitative and quantitative evaluations of the initial corrosion processes of a steel matrix surrounding various non-metallic inclusions. The results showed that the initial dissolution of the steel matrix started in areas surrounding CaS inclusions or inclusion phases containing a CaS phase. Furthermore, the results showed that no dissolution of the metal matrix surrounding CaO·Al2O3 and TiN inclusions could be detected.

Key words: pipeline steels, Ca-treatment, non-metallic inclusions, electrolytic extraction, corrosion, chemical extraction.