The transition to a carbon neutral energy system by 2050, will lead to a significant increase in electrical power consumption, production both regulated and unregulated, and transmission, while system control margins get ever smaller. The need for flexibility, full automatisation and sector coupling will increase to meet these challenges. Digitalisation will be the enabler for a highly efficient carbon neutral energy system.
As complexity and the digitalisation of the energy system is progressing, the frequency of unexpected events will increase while the inertia in the system is shrinking, making it more sensitive to such disruptions with less time to act. This makes the energy system vulnerable and an expected increase of cyber and physical attacks is expected. Security of energy infrastructure and resilience is crucial for the functionality of our future societies.