Future energy systems are expected to be highly dependent on transnational trade and interdependency on energy sources. Energy infrastructure will include regional and local energy sources to a much higher extent than today as the energy value chain is extended to include smart home prosumers with electrical cars and household appliances are that online and connected to the power grid.
As complexity of the power system increases and the digitalisation of the energy system is progressing, the frequency of unexpected events will increase at the same time as the inertia in the system is shrinking, making it more sensitive to such disruptions with less time to act. This makes the energy system vulnerable for the future expected increase of cyber and physical attacks. Security of energy infrastructure and resilience is therefore crucial for the functionality of our societies.
We will develop system designs and resilience criteria for different types of critical events in collaboration with involved need owners, ie. . Designs and criteria will be simulated and tested based Transmission System Operators, Distribution System Operators and prosumers on realistic scenarios covering; human errors, disruptions due to climate extremes, unexpected outages in both production, consumption and transmission or new forms of digital crime/sabotage.
We include energy behaviour into evaluation of the simulations. This project will investigate digital energy security and resilience from a socio-technical (MLP) perspective to understand how future technologies are best adopted into society and critical infrastructure, whilst allowing continuous evolvement to adapt to a fast-paced technological development (AI, IoT, quantum technologies). The technological and societal vulnerabilities that fall under the SDG goals (social, environmental and economic) will be covered.
Involved need-owners can use the socio-technical knowledge to investigate and develop future national and transnational sustainable business opportunities. The Nordic aspect of this consortium paves way for new investments and more trans-national collaboration.
The project adds value to the digital transition by supporting the safety, productivity, accessibility and sustainability of local energy systems. Transnational collaboration supports the energy transition of the Nordic system and exemplifies new sustainable business models with export potential outside the Nordic region.