To keep in mind when publishing
There are a number of considerations needed before publishing. You need to understand how copyright works, and what license you want to use for your work, for example Creative Commons (recommended).
Regardless of how you choose to publish your article you should make sure that you retain the rights to your own text. An author will always have copyright to his or her own text, i.e. the moral rights as well as the economic rights. Your moral rights are non-negotiable, but the economic rights can be sold or transferred to, for example, a publisher or a scientific journal.
Keep in mind that:
- The publishers’ terms vary. Familiarise yourself with the publishers’ terms and choose a publisher accordingly. Search Sherpa/Romeo to check the terms of different publishers.
- Read the agreement you are given by the publisher closely before signing. It specifies what rights you transfer to the publisher.
- Check that the agreement that you sign gives you the right to self-archive your article, use it in your teaching etc.
- If you are not satisfied, bear in mind that you can negotiate the terms with the publisher before signing the agreement. You can use an author addendum stating what rights that you want to keep, for example self-archiving, re-use of your material or the right to use it in your teaching. More information and examples of author addendums can be found at SPARC .
Creative Commons licenses
If you want to be able to share your text, in full or in part, you can assign a Creative Commons license to it. Remember to do this before you sign an agreement with a publisher. Creative Commons supply different degrees of licenses that specify in what ways others are allowed to use your work, and most open access publishers will automatically assign a CC license to articles.
What do you do if someone is using your work without respecting the conditions of the CC-license you have chosen? The CC licence automatically terminates if somebody uses your article in a way which does not comply with the conditions of the licence. This does not apply generally to everyone who is using your article and who is fulfilling the conditions of the licence, only to that person who is violating the terms of the licence. More information about this can be found at Creative commons web page
Since 2017 the Swedish Research Council (VR) will mandate a CC license for publications based on research funded by VR. Horizon 2020 recommends a CC license for research publications.
Dubious publishers also within open access
Just as among traditional journals there are, unfortunately, open access journals that are not serious. Many serious open access journals finance their publishing by charging a publication fee, called APC or Article Processing Charge. This is a way for open access publishers to cover their costs, since they have no income from subscriptions. It is, however, important to watch out for actors in this field who are not serious. These include publishers and journals who want to attract researchers in order to collect the publication fee. Contact us if you need help with determining if a journal seems serious.
Before submitting your article to a journal, make sure that the publisher is serious. The library will not cover any costs for APC:s in dubious or unserious journals.
Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) is a directory of quality controlled open access journals. The journals are peer-reviewed, international and meet a high scientific level.
Research funders and open access
Many research funders now require that the research they fund be published open access. This applies to both Swedish and international funders such as the Swedish Research Council and the European Research Council. More and more funders are also demanding open access to research data.
It's important to know that from 2017, researchers who are granted grants from the Swedish Research Council will publish with a Creative Commons license. CC licenses enable others to distribute, use and build on a work, provided the author is recognized.
In Sherpa / Juliet you can search for information about open access with most research funders and see what they have for conditions regarding open access to publications and research data.