We welcome Professor Masatoshi Noumi to SCI
Masatoshi Noumi is a professor at Kobe University, Japan. Thanks to a grant from the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, he will be a visiting professor at the Department of Mathematics.
Mathematical models for describing phenomena observed in the world around us, and even predicting them, are a common tool in theoretical physics. In the best of worlds, a model is confirmed by observations and experiments. For example, this is what happened at the end of the 17th century, when observed planetary movements could be explained using Newton’s theory of gravity.
However, it is very rare for a mathematical model of a physical system to provide an accurate description of how that system works. Therefore, at the end of the last century, it was a complete surprise that there are exactly solvable models for specific quantum physical particle systems. These are called Calogero-Moser-Sutherland models, or CMS models for short, and have given rise to intense development, not only in theoretical physics but also in some areas of mathematics.
In the proposed project, this prominent mathematician from Ja pan will team up with a mathematical physicist and a mathematician in Sweden, to work on a problem in this research area that has been unsolved for several decades. The problem concerns the most complicated member of the CMS family, the Ruijsenaars model, which was presented as a relativistic variant of CMS models in 1987. Shortly thereafter, exact solutions for some special cases were discovered with the help of Macdonald polynomials.
However, despite great efforts, exact solutions for the elliptical case have yet to be found. The plan is to find special functions with the necessary properties for making the elliptical Ruijsenaars model exactly solvable. It is reasonable to believe that these new special functions will lead to developments in mathematics and theoretical physics, similarly to the way that Macdonald polynomials have been making contributions for more than thirty years.