Peer review in an Era of Evaluation
Over the past few decades, peer review has become an object of great professional and managerial interest (Oancea, 2019) and, increasingly, academic scrutiny (Bornmann, 2011; Grimaldo et al., 2018). Nevertheless, calls for further research are numerous (Tennant & Ross-Hellauer, 2020). This volume is in answer to such interest and appeals.
In this chapter, we outline the notion of peer review and its relation to the autonomy of the academic profession and the contract between science and society. This is followed by an introduction of some key themes regarding the practices of peer review. Next, we specify some reasons to further explore different practices of peer review. Briefly, the state of the art is presented. Finally, the structure of this volume and its individual contributions are presented.
Forsberg E., Geschwind L., Levander S., Wermke W. (2022) Peer Review in Academia. In: Forsberg E., Geschwind L., Levander S., Wermke W. (eds) Peer review in an Era of Evaluation. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.