It is now over 110 years since Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen took the first X-ray image of a human hand in 1895. Since then, X-rays have become an important tool in medicine, research and industry. This is because X-rays' ability to penetrate most materials and provide an image of various objects' "insides" without them needing to be opened up. Security checks on baggage at airports and medical X-ray investigations are just two of the everyday applications of this technology. The smallest constituent part that can be distinguished on X-ray image is only a few millimetres in size, like a hole in a tooth. But more advanced X-ray technology can also be used to "see" much smaller things, even down to the level of individual atoms.
Ulrich Vogt's research is focused on a new X-ray microscope that can shine through complex objects with a high resolution. Together with his team, he is developing X-ray optics, X-ray instruments and new X-ray methods at special research facilities such as the new Swedish synchrotron light facility MAX IV in Lund.
Applications for this X-ray microscope can be found in all research fields, from chemistry and biology, to materials science and medicine.